Bleeding Behind the Eye

bleeding behind the eye macular degeneration

Subconjunctival hemorrhage or bleeding behind the eyes is typically pain-free and can be triggered by a variety of medical conditions. Subconjunctival hemorrhage is commonly associated with hypertension, smoking, injury to the eye or consuming excessive quantities of salt or food ingredients. Find out about various reasons for bleeding behind eyes, when you ought to stress along with treatments and preventions for each condition.

Causes and Treatments of Bleeding Behind the Eye

1. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage


Subconjunctival hemorrhages are triggered when capillary below the clear surface area of the eye called the conjunctiva break. The conjunctiva is not capable of absorbing blood quickly, so inflammation from the blood can become caught here for a long time. Lots of do not realize this has actually occurred up until they see their reflection and note that their eye is brilliant red. This condition is often harmless, lasting for 10-14 days without extra harm to the eye.


Those dealing with a subconjunctival hemorrhage will note a red spot on the whites of their eye. This must not cause any pain or alter the vision in any way, though some might experience a scratchy feeling on the surface area of the eye.


In many cases the cause of a subconjunctival hemorrhage is unidentified, however some actions consisting of effective sneezing, violent coughing, throwing up or heavy lifting can cause the vessels in this area to break. Injuries to the eye such as surgery, severe infection or rubbing the eyes in a rough way can likewise trigger subconjunctival hemorrhage to take place.


Those that are making use of blood thinning medications like aspirin or warfarin, have an illness that causes severe sneezing or coughing, make use of natural supplements like ginkgo or have hypertension and diabetes are at a higher danger for establishing subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Treatments and Prevention

Unless you can recognize the reason for the bleeding there is no chance to prevent subconjunctival hemorrhage. Ceasing making use of blood thinning medications might help to alleviate these symptoms. Those already experiencing subconjunctival hemorrhages can make use of eye drops if a scratchy experience on the eye continues. The blood ought to soak up into the eye in 10-14 days, needing no further treatment.

2. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the blood vessels in the eyes. As these capillary become weak they end up being more vulnerable to damage, which can lead to bleeding behind the eyes.


Diabetic retinopathy is a problem of diabetes which causes damage to the retina and capillary in the eye. Those with type I and type II diabetes are at danger for establishing this condition, though those that cannot appropriately manage their high blood pressure are at a greater threat for developing diabetic retinopathy.

This condition will begin with moderate vision issues, but can trigger loss of sight if left unattended. As diabetic retinopathy sets in it may begin to cause blurred vision, dark strings or spots in the vision, empty or dark locations in the vision, changing vision, difficulty with color understanding or vision loss. These side effects can influence both eyes.


  • Those with early diabetic retinopathy might not need treatment but will need to deal with a doctor to monitor your condition. Dealing with an endocrinologist to enhance the management of your diabetes can prevent these symptoms from becoming worse.
  • Those that establish innovative diabetic retinopathy may need medical treatment to correct retinal problems that originate from this condition.
  • Focal laser treatments can be made use of to stop sluggish leaking of blood in the eye by cauterizing damaged capillary. This might cause blurriness or areas in the vision in the initial weeks of the treatment.
  • A vitrectomy might get rid of blood and scar tissue from the middle of the eye.
  • A little cut will be made so instruments can gradually change this blood with a salt solution or gas bubble to help the retina reattach. You might have to continue to be face down for numerous days while this procedure occurs.
  • Finally, a scatter laser treatment can be used to shrink abnormally sized blood vessels or address locations of the retina with laser burns throughout 2-3 sessions. This can trigger blurriness or a loss of night or peripheral vision soon after the procedure.


  • Consuming a healthy diet and getting at least 150 minutes of moderate activity a week can assist to control diabetes to reduce the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
  • Display your blood sugar and cholesterol thoroughly and make any needed efforts to keep it under control.
    Stop using tobacco products to decrease damage to the blood vessels.

Speak to your doctor about looking for vision modifications and get help right away if your vision starts to change or worsen.

3. Glaucoma

Glaucoma puts added pressure on the eye, which will in turn put pressure on the blood vessels. As this condition aggravates those that suffer from glaucoma will have an enhanced danger for seeing bleeding in the eye.


Glaucoma describes a group of conditions that causes damage to the optic nerve, causing damage to the vision. High pressure in the eye is frequently a reason for this damage. The loss of vision caused by glaucoma is gradual numerous do not notice they are struggling with this condition up until it is advanced. Those experiencing glaucoma will regularly experience tunnel vision or a progressive loss of peripheral vision. As the condition ends up being more severe they might see eye pain, abrupt onset of visual disruptions, nausea and throwing up, reddening of the eyes (bleeding behind eyes) or halos around lights.


  • Glaucoma is typically treated with medicated eye drops which will be absorbed into the bloodstream to experience again pressure in the eyes.
  • Directions for these eye drops will have to be followed clearly to avoid possible side effects.┬áTypical eye drops include beta blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, mitotic and cholinergic representatives and prostaglandins, though a mix of mediations will often be used. Oral medications such as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor may likewise be made use of to ease pressure from glaucoma.


  • Those that have actually been detected with raised intraocular pressure stemming from glaucoma must limit their caffeine intake.
  • Sip fluids frequently to ease eye pressure and keep a healthy diet filled with nutrients known to promote eye health.
  • Routine exercise may likewise assist to ease this pressure, however talk with your doctor about which exercises are safe for those with this condition.
bleeding behind the eye and high blood pressure

High blood pressure & bleeding in eye

4. Hypertension

High blood pressure causes damage to the capillary around the retina, increasing the risk that they will break and trigger bleeding in the eyes. This is called hypertensive retinopathy, a condition which can be serious if left neglected.


Hypertension triggers damage to blood vessels throughout the body, and the delicate capillary in the eyes are fairly susceptible to damage from this condition. Those that are struggling with hypersensitive retinopathy will typically experience vision issues and headaches, though the condition is generally identified throughout a routine eye test.


In order to handle and remove the results of hypertensive retinopathy, one must take actions with their doctor to control their high blood pressure.

Changes to your diet, enhancing the amount of exercise you get every week and taking recommended high blood pressure medications as advised can assist to prevent hypertensive retinopathy. See your doctor regularly to make sure any required follow-up care is begun as quickly as possible.


Updated: August 16, 2016 — 1:34 am

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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