Causes of High Lymphocyte Count

high lymphocyte count in blood test

Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell the immune system produces to combat disease; therefore it is typical to have a temporary boost of lymphocytes in the body after an infection. One microliter of blood containing over 3,000 lymphocytes can be categorized as a high lymphocyte count. In many cases this can indicate certain types of diseases, such as cancer and autoimmune conditions. There is no treatment for this specific symptom and the ideal management counts on dealing with the underlying cause.

Causes of High Lymphocyte Count

It is possible to have a high lymphocyte count without experiencing any symptoms and a doctor will need to figure out the reason for the issue and whether it is severe or safe. Common reasons for a high lymphocyte count include infections, autoimmune conditions that trigger persistent swelling and cancer of the lymphatic system or blood. Some certain illnesses include whooping cough, vasculitis, tuberculosis, viral infections, several myeloma, mononucleosis, HIV/AIDS, cytomegalovirus infection, persistent lymphocytic leukemia and severe lymphocytic leukemia.

Whooping Cough or Flu

Both whooping cough and flu are respiratory health problems which can enhance the lymphocyte count. Whooping cough or pertussis involves severe coughing which is accompanied by a whooping sound. Cough medications do not generally assist and treatment is prescription antibiotics while the health problem can be prevented with vaccinations. Flu can result in breathing distress, fever and tiredness and in some severe cases may be lethal. The typical treatment is rest and increasing consumption of fluids however in some cases prescription antiviral medications are needed.

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Acute lymphocytic leukemia, abbreviated as ALL, is a cancer of bone marrow (the spongy tissue found in the bones which is where the body produces blood cells) and blood. This disease is thought about “severe” since it produces immature blood cells and progresses quickly. In addition to the high lymphocyte count, other symptoms include swollen lymph nodes that result in swellings, frequent nosebleeds or infections, fever, bone pain and bleeding gums. This is the most often identified cancer for children and in most cases the treatments can result in a strong possibility of a remedy.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Like ALL, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, abbreviated as CLL, is a cancer of bone marrow and blood. It is referred to as persistent since it progresses slower than most other variations of leukemia. Similar to ALL, the word “lymphocytic” in CLL describes that the lymphocytes are the white blood cells this disease impacts. Typical symptoms consist of weight-loss, lymph nodes that are bigger but painless, tiredness and regular infections, according to CLL influences older adults most frequently and treatments have the ability to assist with control of the disease.


Mononucleosis, or mono for brief, is referred to as the “kissing disease” since it can be passed by kissing. In fact, it can be transmitted through any contact with saliva including coughing and sneezing or sharing a cup or utensil. Despite this, it is not as contagious as particular infections like the acute rhinitis. It is more typical in adolescents and young people while children seldom experience a lot of the symptoms, which leads it to stay unnoticed. Appropriate fluid intake and rest are the best treatments and it is very important to take notice of prevent problems such as enlarging of the spleen.


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is really relatively common and can affect most people as it spreads through body fluids consisting of breast milk, semen, urine, saliva and blood. Although the infection will last for life, people seldom reveal symptoms or are impacted by CMV. There is an enhanced risk of ending up being sick from it, nevertheless, for individuals who have damaged immune systems or pregnant. Although there is no treatment, there are medications that those with a weak body immune system as well as newborns.


AIDS is a persistent and lethal condition that is the outcome of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV harms the immune system and therefore makes it harder for your body to eliminate disease. It is sexually sent however can also be spread out during pregnancy, giving birth and breastfeeding or by being available in contact with infected blood. Although there is no remedy for these diseases, it may take many years prior to HIV causes AIDS to establish and there are medications that can decrease the disease. Although these medications have assisted significantly in developed nations, HIV is still a big problem in parts of Asia, Haiti and Africa.


Vasculitis or arteritis/angiitis is when the capillary end up being inflamed and it can trigger the walls of the blood vessels to change such as scarring, narrowing, weakening or thickening. While some kinds of vasculitis are severe and only last for a short time, others are persistent and long lasting. In some cases it is severe enough where it obstructs blood circulation to the organs and tissues that are provided by the vessels influenced. In these cases, it can cause tissue and organ damage and in some cases death. Although vasculitis can take place to anybody, particular groups have actually an enhanced risk of some kinds. While particular forms don’t require treatment others require extended use of medication.

Several Myeloma

Numerous myeloma is a type of cancer that impacts the plasma cells which are a sort of white blood cell that is found in bone marrow that is accountable for producing antibodies to combat infections. In individuals with numerous myeloma, a group of these myeloma cells ends up being cancerous, increasing and enhancing the plasma levels to unusually high levels. This in turn results in an enhanced level of abnormal proteins such as antibodies that are produced by plasma cells. Some people will not experience symptoms initially while others can experience a modification in their red cell count, kidneys, body immune system or bones. There are medications offered to assist control the disease.

Other Causes

Hepatitis is the swelling of your liver and can have symptoms including abdominal swelling or pain, fatigue and yellowing of eyes and skin. It can be treated utilizing prescription medications, lifestyle modifications and surgical intervention. Crohn’s disease is an autoimmune disease which causes the digestion system to become chronically swollen. Extra symptoms consist of weight-loss, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Treatment options are often complicated and can include a combination of medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, dietary therapy and/or surgery.



The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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