Dental Cavities: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

dental caries treatment and prevention

Dental cavities are permanently harmed areas that typically develop into holes in the enamel, or tough external surface, of your teeth. Cavities are also referred to as dental caries or tooth decay. Anybody with teeth can get a cavity, but they are most typical in small children and young people.

There are 3 types of cavity:

  • smooth surface cavities, which appear on the sides of your teeth
  • pit and crack cavities, which appear on the bumpy surface area on the top of your tooth that is utilized for chewing

  • root cavities, which appear over the roots of your teeth, below the gumline

Tooth decay / caries symptoms

The symptoms of a dental cavity will depend on the kind of cavity and the seriousness of degeneration. When a cavity first develops, it’s likely that you will not even understand it’s there.

When a cavity gets bigger, you might experience:

  • tooth pain
  • level of sensitivity to heat, cold, and sweets
  • pain when biting down
  • visible holes or black spots on teeth

Regular dental exams (about every six months) can assist capture any issues early on. Discovering a dental cavity prior to it starts causing you pain can help you avoid substantial damage and possible missing teeth. If you start feeling pain and aching in your mouth, see your dental practitioner as soon as possible.

How Do Cavities Develop?

The cause of a cavity is dental caries. The hard surface area, or enamel, of your tooth can end up being harmed in time. Bacteria, food particles, and naturally occurring acids form a sticky movie called plaque that coats your teeth. The acid in plaque ultimately begins to gnaw at your enamel. When the acid penetrates your enamel, dentin is next. Dentin is the second, softer layer of your teeth that is more quickly damaged.

If your tooth decay continues without treatment, the pulp (in) of your tooth may be impacted. The pulp of your tooth homes blood vessels and nerves. When decay spreads to the pulp, it can cause nerve damage, resulting in pain, inflammation, and swelling. In cases of advanced dental caries, pus might form around the tooth as the body immune system tries to combat the degeneration– causing bacteria.

Dental caries and treatment

Treatment of your dental cavity will depend on how severe your dental caries is.

Fillings and Crowns

Your dental practitioner may use a filling to fix the hole in your tooth. Fillings can be made from a variety of materials, consisting of metal and porcelain. During a filling, your dental expert gets rid of the decayed portion of your tooth utilizing a drill and fills the hole with the picked material. Crowns are used if a big quantity of the tooth needs to be gotten rid of. Crowns are customizeded and usually cover the entire leading surface area of the tooth.

Root Canals and Extractions

As soon as the degeneration reaches the inside of your tooth, a root canal might be necessary. Root canals involve eliminating the harmed nerve of your tooth and changing it with a filling. Contrary to common belief, root canals aren’t normally any more painful than regular fillings. (AAE).

An extraction, or tooth elimination, is performed if your tooth is beyond repair work. Your dental expert can surgically remove your tooth and replace it with a false one, if you prefer.


Fluoride is a naturally happening mineral that can reinforce tooth enamel and make teeth more resistant to decay brought on by acids and bacteria. Fluoride treatments can likewise reverse early signs of tooth decay.

Dental caries prevention guidelines

Taking good care of your teeth is the best way to avoid cavities. Excellent cavity prevention begins in your home, but regular dental examinations are needed too. Follow these suggestions for good oral health to prevent cavities:.

  • Usage toothpaste which contains fluoride. Fluoride can stop as well as reverse dental caries, making it a powerful weapon in the fight against cavities.
  • Brush your teeth a minimum of two times daily, when in the early morning and as soon as before bed. If you can, brush your teeth after meals as well.
  • Floss in between your teeth daily to eliminate food particles and prevent plaque accumulation.
  • Avoid regular snacking and limit the quantity of sweet, sticky foods you eat. Snacking can create a near-constant supply of tooth decay-causing acid in your mouth, and sweet, carbonated foods and drinks can harm enamel. If you do treat, rinse your mouth with an unsweetened drink afterward to help eliminate food particles and bacteria from your mouth.



Updated: August 10, 2016 — 4:41 am

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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