Types of Doctors

There are many different types of medical professionals. Knowing some of these types and what they do will be handy in an emergency situation. When a doctor has to be transported, the specialization must be selected as per the health problem.

Physicians are classified into various types according to their specializeds. There are physicians for heart problems, ENT problems and for bone and muscle problems among others. Having an appropriate understanding of these various specialty areas of doctors will be quite helpful when you have to make a visit to the doctor for a specific health problem. Specific designations for medical professionals prevail. These include family doctor who is a community doctor and supplies medicines for practically any ailment, and injury medical professionals who offer medical aid in emergency rooms. Below is a list of some physician.

Audiologist. This is a doctor who manages problems with hearing. These medical professionals likewise help hearing impaired children learn how to communicate.

Allergist. This is a doctor who helps with allergic reactions. Any allergic reactions you may have, such as, hay fever or asthma will be had a look at by this doctor.

different types of doctors

Andrologists. An andrologist is a professional doctor that helps in detecting and treating male reproductive system conditions.

Anesthesiologist. This is the doctor that helps you to sleep through painful operations and medical diagnoses, according to iytmed.com. They are accountable for administering the anesthesia and exist during surgeries to help in complications occurring from anesthesia medications.

Cardiologist. A cardiologist is certified to treat any issue handling heart problem and heart diseases.

Cardiovascular Surgeon. This doctor carries out surgical and invasive methods dealing with heart diseases.

Clinical Neurophysiologist. This is a doctor that detects any issue dealing with the main, peripheral and autonomic nervous system with the aid of electrophysiological tests.

Dentist. Any dental issue from tooth decay to dentures to retainers are handled by a dental professional. They also treat any gum illness and oral problems.

Dermatologist. This is a doctor that treats any ailment related to the skin and its appendages such as hair, nails and so on.

Emergency Doctors. These doctors deal with trauma and emergency conditions in the Emergency room (ER) and are available at all times. Emergencies treated might vary from poisoning to broken bones, burns, cardiac arrest concussions, accident injury and so on.

Endocrinologist. Thyroid problems, hormone problems or any problems with the endocrine system is handled by an endocrinologist.

Epidemiologists. This is a doctor who specializes in epidemic illnesses which are highly viral. They are more of researchers who determine new illness, virus anomalies and establish treatments and modes of prevention of diseases with vaccinations, etc.

ENT Specialist. This doctor treats problems with the ear, nose and throat. An ENT cosmetic surgeon would be an expert who will be carrying out surgeries on these parts of the anatomy.

Family Practitioner. A family doctor is the neighborhood doctor who is basic physician treating illnesses and medical problems of all sorts, at all ages & medical non-emergency conditions. If the condition is serious they will describe an expert relevant to the field of the disease.

Gastroenterologist. A doctor for illnesses associated todigestive system consisting of the typical issue of gastritis and heartburn.

Gynecologist. Any problems with the female reproductive system is referred to and treated by a gynecologist.

General Psychiatrist. Any person with mental disorders such as, schizophrenia, depression and anxiety problems is treated by the basic psychiatrist.

Hematologist. Blood and its illness is studied by a hematologist.

Hepatologists. This doctor is accountable for diagnosing and treating diseases of the liver.

Immunologist.This is a doctor responsible for studying everything about the immune system and deals with any illness related.

Infectious Disease Specialist. An IDS research studies and treats diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites and will determine outbreaks of epidemics and pandemic scenarios.

Internal Medicine Specialists. These medical professionals are accountable for diagnosing any illnesses and managing them with nonsurgical treatment. These are normally uncommon or serious diseases.

Internists. These physicians focus on medicines associated with adults and have unique expertise in the areas related to the prevention and treatment of adult illness.

Medical Geneticist. A doctor who is responsible for screening, recognizing and treating patients with genetic diseases and conditions.

Microbiologist. A microbiologist is a doctor who studies the causes, diagnosis and treatment of transmittable illness where microbes are involved.

Neonatologist. A doctor for new-born babies, premature or seriously ill infants.

Nephrologists. This is a specialist doctor that deals with kidney diseases and renal problems with treatments such as dialysis.

Neurologist. This doctor research studies different brain conditions, such as, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

Neurosurgeons. These are the specialist doctors who perform surgical treatments on central and peripheral nervous system diseases and the brain.

Obstetrician. This is a sub specialization in the gynecological field of study and deals with different elements of the female reproductive system, such as, giving birth, caesareans etc.

Oncologist. An oncologist is a professional physician that diagnose and treat cancer patients with drugs, chemotherapy, radiation and where required, surgical interventions.

Ophthalmologist. This is a doctor that treats eyes and various eye defects, blindness and performs various eye surgical treatments.

Orthopedic Surgeon. If you experience arthritis and osteoporosis and other bone associated illnesses, or broken bones, an orthopedic surgeon has to be consulted.

Orthopedist. Broken bones from falls or osteoporosis is treated by an orthopedist.

Primatologist. If somebody is having a high risk pregnancy, this is the doctor who must be spoken with for unique care and treatment.

Pale pathologist. A doctor that studies ancient diseases.

Parasitologist. A doctor that is responsible for study of parasites, their pathology and parasitic illness and treatment of these illness.

Pathologists. Specialist researchers who are doctors that study abnormalities in living organisms and research study DNA, tissue, blood and other numerous human and animal cells. They are also accountable for carrying out autopsies on dead bodies to determine the cause of death.

Pediatrician. This is a doctor who treats children for any health problem from birth to adolescent.

Physiologists. A physiologist is a life science doctor who focuses on physiology and help fix up.

Physiatrist. The doctor whose specialty is medicine and rehabilitation of the body and muscles.

Plastic Surgeon. A cosmetic surgeon is a doctor that can transplant skin, muscles or change the structure of a face or other body parts for cosmetic and reconstructive functions.

Podiatrists. This is an expert doctor who deals with disorders of the foot and ankle.

Psychiatrists. These medical professionals specialize in mental disorders and will study, diagnoses and counsel and treat mental illnesses such as Bipolar, dementia, depression, Alzheimer’s etc.

Pulmonologist. A doctor who is responsible for detecting and deals with lung conditions and treating or managing crucial care patients confessed in the ICU with ventilator support.

Radiologists. A doctor who concentrates on use of X-rays or other imaging innovations in order to diagnose various illnesses.

Reproductive Endocrinologist. This doctor deals with various reproductive problems that include sexual conditions and infertility problems and so on.

Rheumatologist. A physician responsible forhandling autoimmune conditions and allergic conditions.

Surgeon. A surgeon is a doctor that concentrates on surgeries and will have their own specialties such as orthopedic, ENT, brain, nuro, cardiovascular, maxillo-facial surgery, cosmetic surgery, and transplant surgery.

Thoracic Oncologist. This doctor deals with cancer of the lungs, esophagus and chest.

Urologist. Any urinary problems and urinary tract infections are treated by an urologist.

Veterinarian. While other doctors are responsible for treating humans, the veterinarians are responsible for the treatment of sick animals.

Apart from these primary categories of specialization, there are other lower recognized expertise areas for physicians. However, having an appropriate knowledge of these common types of doctors is a good beginning point.



Updated: October 24, 2016 — 1:23 pm

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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