Squamous Epithelial Cells in Urine

urinary epithelial cells

On image: urinary epithelial cells

Epithelial cells are a type of cell that lines the surface areas of your body. They are found on your skin, blood vessels, urinary tract, and organs. An epithelial cells in urine test looks at urine under a microscope to see if the variety of your epithelial cells is in the normal range. It’s normal to have a percentage of epithelial cells in your urine. A big quantity may indicate an infection, kidney disease, or other major medical condition.

Other names: tiny urine analysis, tiny assessment of urine, urine test, urine analysis, UA.


An epithelial cells in urine test is a part of a urinalysis, a test that measures different substances in your urine. A urinalysis may include a visual assessment of your urine sample, tests for specific chemicals, and an assessment of urine cells under a microscopic lense. An epithelial cells in urine test belongs to a microscopic test of urine.

Requirements for Epithelial Cells in Urine Test

Your health care company may have bought an epithelial cells in urine test as part of your regular examination or if your visual or chemical urine tests revealed unusual results. You might also require this test if you have symptoms of a urinary or kidney disorder. These symptoms might consist of frequent and/or painful urination, abdominal pain and back pain.


Your health care provider will need to gather a sample of your urine. During your office see, you will get a container to gather the urine and unique directions to make sure that the sample is sterile. These instructions are often called the “clean catch approach.” The clean catch approach consists of the following steps:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Clean your genital area with a cleaning pad offered to you by your supplier. Men ought to wipe the idea of their penis. Women ought to open their labia and clean from front to back.
  • Start to urinate into the toilet.
  • Move the collection container under your urine stream.
  • Gather at least an ounce or 2 of urine into the container. The container will have markings to suggest the amounts.
  • Complete urinating into the toilet.
  • Return the sample container as advised by your health care company.

Preparation for Squamous Epithelial Cells in Urine Test

You don’t require any unique preparations for the test. If your healthcare supplier has ordered other urine or blood tests, you might need to fast (not eat or drink) for numerous hours before the test. Your healthcare service provider will let you know if there are any special guidelines to follow.

There is no known risk to having the test.

Test Results

Results are typically reported as an approximate amount, such as “few,” moderate,” or “many” cells.

Few Squamous Epithelial Cells in Urine

“Few” cells are typically thought about in the normal variety.

Many or Moderate Squamous Epithelial Cells in Urine

“Moderate” or “many” cells may suggest a medical condition such as:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Yeast infection
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Specific types of cancer

If your results are not in the normal range, it does not always indicate that you have a medical condition that needs treatment. You might require more tests prior to you can get a diagnosis. To discover what your outcomes suggest, speak to your healthcare supplier.

Good to Know

There are 3 types of epithelial cells that line the urinary tract. They are called transitional cells, renal tubular cells, and squamous cells. If there are squamous epithelial cells in your urine, it may mean your sample was contaminated. This implies that the sample includes cells from the urethra (in men) or the vaginal opening (in women). It can happen if you do not clean well enough when using the clean catch technique.

Last modified: March 22, 2018


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