Cleft Lip and Palate

what causes cleft palate

Cleft lip and palate (also known as cleft palate; craniofacial flaw) are abnormality that affect the upper lip and the roof of the mouth.

What Causes Cleft Lip?

There are numerous causes of cleft lip and palate. Issues with genes given from 1 or both parents, drugs, infections, or other toxic substances can all cause these abnormality. Cleft lip and palate might occur in addition to other syndromes or birth defects.

A cleft lip and palate can:

  • Affect the look of the face.
  • Lead to issues with feeding and speech.
  • Result in ear infections.

Babies are most likely to be born with a cleft lip and palate if they have a family history of these conditions or other abnormality.

Symptoms

A child may have 1 or more birth defects.

A cleft lip might be just a little notch in the lip. It may also be a complete split in the lip that goes all the method to the base of the nose.

A cleft palate can be on 1 or both sides of the roof of the mouth. It might go the complete length of the palate.

Other symptoms consist of:

  • Change in nose shape (how much the shape changes varies).
  • Inadequately aligned teeth.

Issues that might be present because of a cleft lip or palate are:.

  • Failure to gain weight.
  • Feeding issues.
  • Circulation of milk through nasal passages during feeding.
  • Poor growth.
  • Repetitive ear infections.
  • Speech troubles.
Causes a Cleft Lip

In many cases, the reason for cleft lip and cleft palate is unidentified. These conditions can not be prevented. A lot of researchers believe clefts are due to a combination of genetic and ecological elements. There appears to be a higher opportunity of clefting in a newborn if a sibling, parent, or relative has actually had the issue.

Required Check-up

A physical exam of the mouth, nose, and palate confirms a cleft lip or cleft palate. Medical tests may be done to rule out other possible health conditions.

Treatment for Cleft Lip and Palate in Babies

Surgery to close the cleft lip is frequently done when the child is in between 6 weeks and 9 months old. Surgery might be required later in life if the problem has a significant effect on the nose area. See also: Cleft lip and palate repair work.

A cleft palate is usually closed within the first year of life so that the child’s speech develops generally. In some cases, a prosthetic device is briefly used to close the palate so the baby can feed and grow till surgery can be done.

Continued follow-up might be needed with speech therapists and orthodontists.

Prognosis

A lot of babies will heal without problems. How your child will take care of recovery depends on the intensity of their condition. Your child may require another surgery to repair the scar from the surgery injury.

Children who had a cleft palate repair might need to see a dental professional or orthodontist. Their teeth may need to be corrected as they come in.

Hearing problems are common in children with cleft lip or palate. Your child needs to have a hearing test at an early age, and it should be duplicated gradually.

Your child may still have problems with speech after the surgery. This is triggered by muscle issues in the palate. Speech therapy will assist your child.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Cleft lip and palate is usually detected at birth. Follow your health care company’s suggestions for follow-up visits. Call your provider if issues establish in between visits.

 


Last Update - September 20, 2017

References

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures. Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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