PMS (Premenstrual syndrome) Symptoms

PMS stands for Premenstrual Syndrome; “pre” means “before” and “menstrual” refers to the “menstrual cycle” or periods.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a lady’s feelings, physical health, and behavior during particular days of the menstrual cycle, typically prior to her menses. PMS is a very common condition. Its symptoms affect as much as 85 percent of menstruating women. It should hinder some element of your life for your doctor to detect you.

PMS symptoms begin 5 to 11 days prior to menstruation and generally disappear once menstruation starts. The reason for PMS is unknown. Nevertheless, lots of researchers think that it’s associated to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the start of the menstruation.

A woman’s menstrual cycle lasts approximately 28 days. Ovulation, the period when an egg is released from the ovaries, takes place on day 14 of the cycle. Menstruation, or bleeding, occurs on day 28 of the cycle. PMS symptoms can begin around day 14 and last till 7 days after the start of menstruation.

The symptoms of PMS are generally mild or moderate. Nearly 80 percent of women report one or more symptom that does not substantially impact everyday performance, according to the journal American Family Physician. Twenty to 32 percent of women report moderate to severe symptoms that impact some element of life. 3 to 8 percent report PMDD. The intensity of symptoms can vary by specific and by month. The symptoms of PMS include:

Abdominal Bloating

Bloating, weight gain and a basic feeling of being more ‘swollen’ prevail symptoms of PMS. Some women find that they can’t get rings on their fingers in the lead approximately their period; for others, it might be that their clothing do not fit also. These symptoms tend to appear a few days before a period is due and fix as not long after menstrual bleeding starts.

If however, you feel bloated or swollen for more than two weeks every month, or all through the month, it will deserve checking your symptoms out with your doctor. In addition, if bloating is accompanied by abdominal pains which are different from your normal period pains, seek medical guidance as these symptoms may require investigation.

Abdominal Pain and Cramping

Abdominal or pelvic cramping and pain occur in lots of women prior to, or even during her menstrual period. These symptoms typically are especially bothersome for women with PMS. Nevertheless, some women may have mild constraining in the early stages of pregnancy.

Sore Breasts

During PMS, breast swelling and inflammation can take place during the second half of your menstrual cycle. Tenderness varieties from moderate to severe, and is typically the most severe right prior to your period. Women in their childbearing years tend to have more severe symptoms.

Breast tissue may feel rough and thick, particularly in the external areas. You might have a feeling of breast fullness with tenderness and a heavy, dull pain. The pain typically improves during your period or right after, as your progesterone levels decrease.


In between the bad moods, cramps, and bloating, the last thing a lady with PMS requirements is to look in the mirror and see a huge red pimple. However unfortunately, numerous women do.

Information verified by the team.

Menstrual acne, a flare-up of imperfections monthly that accompanies menstruation, is fairly typical. According to a research study published in the Archives of Dermatology, 63% of acne-prone women experience these premenstrual flares. They typically strike about 7 to 10 days prior to the beginning of a female’s period then subside as soon as bleeding begins.

Food Cravings, Especially for Sweets

Premenstrual syndrome is usually caused by women having lower levels of progesterone at this point in their menstruation. This leads to mood swings, which can leave them feeling depressed. This depression triggers a requirement for more comfort food, which is frequently high in sugar content.

Eating excessive sugar in time ages the skin, making it dull and more vulnerable to wrinkles. This is because of a procedure called glycation. Sugar in your blood stream attaches to proteins and types damaging molecules called ‘advanced glycation final product’.

Constipation or Diarrhea

If you’re like the majority of people, you’re in some cases perplexed by your bowels. You may go through weeks’ long stretches of perfectly constant pooping after your 3rd sip of coffee, however then awaken one early morning to discover the desire never strikes. You may have random diarrhea that strikes without alerting, or random constipation that cleans up after a day or more.

There are undoubtedly lots of things that can cause your bowel frequency or consistency to change, consisting of diet, stress, illness, and food intolerances. But one factor that many women ignore is the menstruation.

It’s typical to see gastrointestinal changes during the first couple of days of your period. You might have more gas, need to go to the restroom more, or even have diarrhea. What you’re experiencing when this occurs is a one-two punch from progesterone and prostaglandins.

During PMS your progesterone level quickly rises. Progesterone is a muscle relaxant. It’s even given to pregnant women to postpone labor and preterm birth due to the fact that its relaxing effects are strong enough to combat uterine contractions. This relaxing result is also a little constipating (this is likewise why numerous pregnant women suffer constipation– progesterone levels are so high during pregnancy that it can make it tough to get things moving down there).

Stool moves through the bowel via peristalsis, the procedure of the muscles lining the bowel contracting and relaxing to develop a rippling, wave-like movement to move things though the intestinal tracts. Progesterone can silence this impact. You might even observe that you become a little constipated after ovulation.

Right before you get your period, your progesterone levels fall rapidly, and it can feel like the levee breaking: the hornone responsible for slowing everything down is unexpectedly absent.

Headaches, Sensitivity to Light or Sound

The PMS headache occurs before your period and is associated with a variety of symptoms that identify it from the typical menstrual headache. The symptoms include headache pain accompanied by tiredness, acne, joint pain, reduced urination, constipation and absence of coordination. With these migrains typically he has sensitivity to light and noise, fatigue, and an indigestion.


Ever seem like you could sleep for weeks on end when your period is around the corner? You’re not the only one. Exhaustion and fatigue are some of the most common PMS symptoms that afflict menstruating women today. And the fun definitely doesn’t stop with PMS– The National Sleep Foundation took a survey in 2007 showing that a 3rd of women deal with disrupted sleep patterns when they’re on their period, leaving them utterly tired.

Other Pre-Menstruation Symptoms

  • Irritability
  • Changes in Sleep Patterns
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Depression
  • Unhappiness
  • Emotional Outbursts

How Long Does PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) Last?

The duration of PMS differs among women. Most women experience the symptoms for a few to a number of days in the week prior to the start of their menstrual period. Some women might have symptoms for a shorter or longer time period, however symptoms of PMS normally start after ovulation (the mid-point in the month-to-month menstrual cycle).

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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