Pulse: Normal Heart Rate in Human

Pulse

The pulse (also known as Heart rate; Heart beat) is the number of heart beats per minute.

How a Pulse Test is Performed

The pulse can be determined at areas where an artery passes close to the skin. These areas consist of the:

  • Back of the knees
  • Groin
  • Neck
  • Temple
  • Leading or inner side of the foot
  • Wrist

To determine the pulse at the wrist, put the index and middle finger over the underside of the opposite wrist, listed below the base of the thumb. Press with flat fingers up until you feel the pulse.

To measure the pulse on the neck, place the index and middle fingers simply to the side of the Adam’s apple, in the soft, hollow area. Press gently until you locate the pulse.

Keep in mind: Sit or rest before taking the neck pulse. The neck arteries in some people are sensitive to pressure. Fainting or slowing of the heart beat can result. Likewise, do not take the pulses on both sides of the neck at the very same time. Doing so can slow the circulation of blood to the head and cause fainting.

Once you find the pulse, count the beats for 1 complete minute. Or count the beats for 30 seconds and increase by 2. This will provide the beats per minute.

How to Prepare for Pulse Check?

To figure out the resting heart rate, you should have been resting for at least 10 minutes. Take the exercise heart rate while you are exercising.

How the Test will Feel

There is a slight pressure from the fingers.

Why the Pulse Check is Performed

Determining the pulse offers crucial information about your health. Any modification from your normal heart rate can indicate a health problem. Fast pulse may indicate an infection or dehydration. In emergency situation situations, the pulse rate can assist identify if the patient’s heart is pumping.

Pulse measurement has other uses as well. During or instantly after exercise, the pulse rate offers information about your fitness level and health.

Normal Heart Rate for Newborns, Children, Adults and Athletes

For resting heart rate:

Normal (Resting) Heart Rate by Age Chart

Age Pulse (beats per minute)
Newborns 0 to 1 month old 70 to 190
Babies 1 to 11 months old 80 to 160
Children 1 to 2 years old 80 to 130
Children 3 to 4 years of ages 80 to 120
Children 5 to 6 years of ages 75 to 115
Children 7 to 9 years of ages 70 to 110
Children 10 years and older, and adults (including seniors) 60 to 100
Well-trained athletes 40 to 60

What Abnormal Heart Rate Results Mean

Resting heart rates that are continuously high (tachycardia) may mean a problem. Talk with a health care provider about this. Also talk about resting heart rates that are listed below the normal values (bradycardia).

A pulse that is extremely firm (bounding pulse) and that lasts for more than a few minutes must be examined by your company also. An irregular pulse can also show an issue.

A pulse that is tough to find may indicate clogs in the artery. These obstructions prevail in people with diabetes or hardening of the artery from high cholesterol. Your supplier might order a test called a Doppler research study to inspect the clogs.

According to Wikipedia:

Major Factors Increasing Heart Rate

Factor Effect
Cardioaccelerator nerves Release of norepinephrine
Proprioreceptors Increased rates of firing during exercise
Chemoreceptors Decreased levels of O2; increased levels of H+, CO2, and lactic acid
Baroreceptors Decreased rates of firing, indicating falling blood volume/pressure
Limbic system Anticipation of physical exercise or strong emotions
Catecholamines Increased epinephrine and norepinephrine
Thyroid hormones Increased T3 and T4
Calcium Increased Ca2+
Potassium Decreased K+
Sodium Decreased Na+
Body temperature Increased body temperature
Nicotine and caffeine Stimulants, increasing heart rate

Factors decreasing heart rate

Factor Effect
Cardioinhibitor nerves (vagus) Release of acetylcholine
Proprioreceptors Decreased rates of firing following exercise
Chemoreceptors Increased levels of O2; decreased levels of H+ and CO2
Baroreceptors Increased rates of firing, indicating higher blood volume/pressure
Limbic system Anticipation of relaxation
Catecholamines Decreased epinephrine and norepinephrine
Thyroid hormones Decreased T3 and T4
Calcium Decreased Ca2+
Potassium Increased K+
Sodium Decreased Na+
Body temperature Decrease in body temperature

References

Updated: January 11, 2017 — 8:37 am

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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