Finding blood or blood clots in urine is a common symptom, which might or may not be associated with a major condition. Accompanying symptoms may vary, and treatment may depend on the underlying condition that is causing the bleeding.
Seeing embolism in the urine may be frightening, however it is a common issue. Frequently, when there are lots of red cell in the urine the urine color turns red, pink, or brownish, and this might considered hematuria, a medical term for blood in the urine. Nevertheless, sometimes there are insufficient red blood cells in the urine, which can not be seen by the naked eye. The presence of blood cells in the urine may be spotted by the way on a routine urine test using a microscopic lense, and this is clinically referred to as microscopic hematuria.
Hematuria happens in up to 10% of the population, but just a few (about 3 %) will see frank or gross hematuria, which refers to having a large amount of blood in the urine. Seeing embolism in urine is more common among women than in men and it may or may not be accompanied by pain.
Causes of Blood Clots in Urine
Before talking about the possible causes of hematuria, it is worthwhile to keep in mind that the urine may in some cases turn pink, red, or brown for reasons besides bleeding in the urinary tract. This indicates that in spite of the color, no blood may be discovered in the urine, and the change in color may be due to:
- Eating big quantities of dark colored foods like beets, rhubarb and berries
- Consuming food or drinks consisting of food colorings
- Utilizing medications which can impact urine color, such as phenazopyridine
- Having liver disease which can cause discolored urine
Often, menstrual blood might be found in the urine, in addition to embolism from vaginal bleeding, however these are ruled out hematuria, since the origin of the blood is not the urinary tract.
Bleeding in the urinary tract can come from any part of this system, from the kidneys to the ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra. The urine, which is formed in the kidneys, carries with it the red cell as it passes along any of these structures. Real hematuria might be brought on by lots of aspects, consisting of:
- Urinary tract infection (most typical cause in people younger than 40 years of ages).
- Kidney stones.
- Injury to any part of the urinary tract and/or the genital areas.
- Cancer in any part of the urinary tract (bladder, kidneys) – more common among individuals older than 40 years.
- Cancer of the prostate – common in older males.
- Any condition that causes obstruction, stricture, or compression of the urinary tract.
- Kidney disease.
- Condition in blood clot.
- Non-cancerous tumor or augmentation of the prostate, likewise called benign prostatic hyperplasia – also common in older males.
- Chronic illness like diabetes, hypertension (hypertension).
- Viral infections.
- Certain medications which can cause bleeding, consisting of antibiotics like rifampin, analgesics like aspirin, blood slimmers or anticoagulants like warfarin, anticonvulsants like phenytoin, and quinine.
- Any factor that causes kidney inflammation (usually unidentified cause).
- Strenuous exercise can cause a breakdown of muscle proteins which appears as blood in the urine (typical amongst professional athletes).
Due to the fact that there are lots of possible causes of passing blood clots in urine, one is recommended to speak with a doctor for correct diagnosis particularly when accompanied by other symptoms.
What Causes Blood Clots in Male Urine
Urinary tract infections. These occur when bacteria enter your body through the urethra and multiply in your bladder. For some men, especially older adults, the only sign of disease may be microscopic blood in the urine.
A bladder or kidney stone. The minerals in focused urine often form crystals on the walls of your kidneys or bladder. Bladder or kidney stones can likewise cause both gross and microscopic bleeding when male urinate.
Enlarged prostate. The prostate gland– which is simply listed below the bladder and surrounding the leading part of the urethra — often increases the size of as men approach midlife. It then compresses the urethra, partially blocking urine flow. Signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH) include trouble urinating, an urgent or consistent need to urinate, and either noticeable or microscopic blood in the urine.
Cancer. Noticeable urinary bleeding might signify innovative kidney, bladder or prostate cancer.
Kidney injury. A blow or other injury to your kidneys from a mishap or contact sports can cause noticeable blood in your urine.
Medications. The anti-cancer drug cyclophosphamide and penicillin can cause urinary bleeding. Noticeable urinary blood sometimes happens if you take an anticoagulant, such as aspirin and the blood thinner heparin, and you also have a condition that causes your bladder to bleed.
Strenuous workout. It’s rare for laborious workout to cause gross hematuria, and the cause is unidentified. Runners are frequently impacted, although anyone can establish visible urinary bleeding after an extreme exercise. If you see blood in your urine after workout, don’t assume it’s from exercising. See your doctor.
Blood Clots in Urine During Pregnancy
A lot of women with blood clot conditions have healthy pregnancies. However these conditions may cause issues for some pregnant women. In severe cases, they can cause death for both mother and baby. However screening and treatment can conserve both you and your baby.
If you’re pregnant or aiming to get pregnant and have had issues with blood clots in the past, inform your healthcare provider at a prejudgment examination (prior to pregnancy) or at your first prenatal care checkup. Also tell your supplier if somebody in your household (your parent or a sibling or sis) has actually had problems with blood clots. This suggests the condition might be in your family history (run in your family).
If you or somebody in your household has actually had issues with embolism, speak with your provider about getting a blood test to see if you have a thrombophilia. This is a health condition that increases your chances of making unusual embolism. Some pregnant women with thrombophilias need treatment with medications called blood thinners. They stop clots from growing and prevent new clots from forming.
Symptoms and Signs of Blood Clots in Urine
Discovering blood in the urine (even small blood clots) might be a symptom and could provide an idea to a disease. In people who have gross hematuria, there might be small embolism in the urine. The amount of blood present in the urine does not always show a severe condition. The urine might appear normal in people with microscopic hematuria, and the presence of red blood cells is discovered in a regular urine assessment.
Lot of individuals with passing blood in the urine have no other signs or symptoms. Nevertheless, the existence of other symptoms might be related to the underlying cause of bleeding. These symptoms might include:
- Pain in the side of the body below the ribs.
- Pain in the back.
- Lower abdominal pain.
- Pain in the pelvis or groin.
- Burning pain during urination (also called dysuria).
- Fever with or without chills.
- Nausea and/or vomiting.
- Decline in appetite.
- Inexplicable weight reduction.
- Cloudy urine.
- Frequent urination.
- Urgency to urinate.
The presence of several of these symptoms, together with blood in urine may depend on the reason for the bleeding. For example, people with kidney stones might experience severe pains in the side of the body (flank discomforts) which might radiate to the groin area or to the scrotum, in males. Fever with chills is more characteristic of urinary tract infection. Treatment of these conditions will depend upon the real cause of bleeding.
Treatment for Blood Clots in Urine
If you see a change in the color of your urine and you are thinking if it might be blood, you have to at first consider what the possible causes are, which might include presence of your menstrual duration or existing drug intake. You may wish to observe if the blood in urine continues after a couple of times you have urinated or after a day. Observe for other symptoms like pain, fever, or modifications in urine character. It may assist to rest, in the case of bleeding after exhausting exercise, and increase fluid consumption, in moderate cases of urinary tract infections. Over-the-counter painkiller can likewise assist relieve moderate pain and fever.
In the existence of other symptoms, do not attempt to take home remedies by yourself. It is advisable to get proper medical advice.
The majority of cases of gross hematuria will require appropriate diagnosis and treatment:
- For urinary tract infections, a course of antibiotics for 3-14 days will be needed to eradicate the bacteria, depending on the cause and site of infection.
- For blood in the urine due to injuries in the urinary tract, surgery may or may not be required.
- If you are taking any medication which can cause bleeding such as blood thinners, ask a doctor if it can be discontinued or replaced by another medication.
- Stones might be formed and lodge in any part of the urinary tract, from the kidney, down to the ureter and the bladder. Depending on the size and location of the stones, treatment may vary from conservative (enhanced fluid intake and analgesics only) to medical and surgical treatment.
- Augmentation of the prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) might be dealt with medically or surgically.
- Any blockage or stricture that might be causing the bleeding, such as a malignant growth (cancer) may need surgery with or without extra treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
- If the underlying cause is a chronic disease such as diabetes, hypertension or blood clot condition, proper treatment for the disease may remove or decrease the risk for urinary bleeding.
When to See a Doctor
You should see a doctor anytime you see blood clots in urine since it may signify a disease or condition that needs instant treatment. The existence of other symptoms like severe flank or back pain, fever, and other uncommon changes should trigger you to look for emergency examination since you might have a severe urinary tract infection or stone that can influence your genital health. Bloody urine with loss of appetite and inexplicable weight reduction might be associated with cancer in the urinary tract and requires serious treatment.