Groin Lumps: Causes and Treatments

lymph node in groin

A groin lump refers to any lump that appears in the groin area where the legs and trunk connect.

The lump can differ in shape and size, and it might or might not hurt. You might have a single lump or a collection of lumps in the groin. Some lumps may be mobile. A groin lump might remain skin-colored, or it might redden or purple. Some groin lumps might ulcerate, or break open, and type sores.

The shape and appearance of a groin lump depend upon the cause. See your doctor as soon as possible if you have a groin lump.

What Are the Causes of a Groin Lump?


Many groin lumps are cysts. Cysts are benign, or noncancerous lumps. They might increase the size of to cause pain or pain.

Some groin lumps can be indications of a more serious condition.

Swollen glands

If you have an infection or illness, such as a cold, flu, or mononucleosis, your groin lump could be a swollen lymph gland. Generally, these will flare up at the very same time as the lymph glands situated in your throat or armpits flare. Your lymph nodes swell to activate an immune action against bacteria and foreign particles. The swelling ought to go away once the disease does. Genitourinary infections may likewise cause lymph node inflammation in the groin area.


A hernia typically feels like a large, soft lump. It occurs when the intestines or abdominal tissue push through an opening implied to offer a border. For example, the intestines might break through a weakened area in the lower abdominal wall. A problem, or weak point, in the abdominal wall paired with muscle strain generally causes this. Hernias need urgent medical attention.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Some sexually transferred infections (STI) can cause groin lumps due to swollen lymph nodes. These consist of:.

Information verified by the team.
  • herpes.
  • chlamydia.
  • gonorrhea.
  • syphilis.

Some STIs may cause a cluster of lumps that may break open or type sores. STIs need medical treatment to heal.

Saphena varix

If you have a groin lump that vanishes when you rest, it could be a saphena varix. This takes place when the valve of the saphenous vein cannot open correctly to let blood flow through, triggering the blood to gather inside the vein. Saphena varix causes golf-ball sized lumps that have a blue tinge. You’re more likely to develop this condition if you have varicose veins, which are bigger veins that normally happen in the legs or feet. Saphena varix is a very rare condition.

How Is a Groin Lump Treated?

You ought to look for medical attention as soon as possible after discovering a groin lump and go back to your doctor if the lump stays after three weeks of treatment or if your condition gets worse.


Since there are so many possible causes of a groin lump, your doctor will have to ask you a series of concerns. This will include questions about your existing health and if you’ve been experiencing other symptoms. You may have a blood test to check for signs of infection. Your doctor will feel your lymph nodes for swelling.

Your doctor will ask you concerns about the lump, such as:.

  • When did the lump first appear?
  • How big is the lump?
  • Has the lump grown?
  • Did the lump develop unexpectedly or over a couple of days?
  • Does the lump modification in size or shape when you cough?

They may also ask you whether you might have contracted an STI. A lot of STIs are detected using a blood test, a urine test, or a swab of the urethra.

The treatment you get will depend upon the cause of the groin lump:

  • Your doctor may suggest surgery to eliminate a cyst if it’s big or painful.
  • A hernia might require surgery to move the tissue back into place and close the hole in the boundary tissue.
  • Swollen glands will normally go down in time, however your doctor might prescribe an antibiotic to treat a hidden infection.

What Is the Result if a Groin Lump Is Left Unattended?

Your doctor ought to constantly without delay examine a groin lump.

While cysts and swollen glands aren’t likely to cause any long-lasting complications, a hernia can be deadly if you do not get treatment for it rapidly. An incarcerated hernia happens when part of the intestinal tract ends up being caught in the abdominal wall, causing a bowel obstruction. This can cause vomiting, severe pain, and nausea. A strangulated hernia is a medical emergency. It takes place when part of the intestinal tract is caught, cutting off blood circulation. This condition can quickly cause the death of digestive tissue and requires emergency situation surgery.

STIs that cause groin lumps, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can result in infertility if left neglected. Infections such as syphilis can cause blindness, paralysis, and dementia. All STIs require medication to treat and can easily infect others through unguarded vaginal or oral sex.

How Can a Groin Lump Be Prevented?

Most groin lumps occur naturally and aren’t avoidable. However, you can assist avoid an STI by constantly using a prophylactic.

If you’re at risk of developing a hernia, you might have the ability to decrease the possibilities of it happening by avoiding heavy lifting, not straining during bowel movements, and preserving a healthy weight. You may be more at risk of a hernia if you:

  • have a family history of hernias.
  • are obese.
  • are pregnant.
  • have a chronic cough.


Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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