Sadly, hemorrhoids during pregnancy are common. Hemorrhoids are varicose (swollen) veins of the anus and are normally painful. They frequently appear during the 3rd trimester.
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What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are blood vessels in the rectal area that have become unusually swollen. They normally vary from the size of a pea to the size of a grape and can be inside the rectum or protrude through the rectum.
Hemorrhoids can be itchy and mildly uncomfortable– or downright painful. Sometimes they can even cause rectal bleeding, especially during a defecation.
Hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy, particularly in the 3rd trimester. Some women get them for the first time while they’re pregnant. And if you’ve had them before pregnancy, you’re rather most likely to have them again now (how long do hemorrhoids last?) They might likewise develop while you’re pressing during the second stage of labor and are a typical early postpartum complaint.
Most of the times, hemorrhoids that established during pregnancy will start to resolve right after you give birth, especially if you’re careful to prevent constipation (do hemorrhoids go away on their own?)
Why Are They More Common During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy makes you more vulnerable to hemorrhoids, along with to varicose veins in the legs and often even in the vulva, for a variety of reasons. Your growing uterus puts pressure on the pelvic veins and the inferior vena cava, a big vein on the right side of the body that gets blood from the lower limbs. This can slow the return of blood from the lower half of your body, which increases the pressure on the veins below your uterus and causes them to become more dilated or swollen.
Constipation, another typical problem during pregnancy, can also cause or worsen hemorrhoids. That’s because straining cause hemorrhoids, and you tend to strain when having a hard defecation.
In addition, an increase in the hormone progesterone during pregnancy causes the walls of your veins to relax, enabling them to swell more quickly. Progesterone likewise contributes to constipation by decreasing your digestive tract.
How Can I Avoid Getting Hemorrhoids?
You’re more prone to hemorrhoids when pregnant, but they’re not unavoidable. Here are some ways to ward them off– or eliminate them if you do get them:
- Primarily, prevent constipation: Eat a high-fiber diet (lots of whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables), drink a lot of water (eight to 10 glasses a day), and get routine workout, even if you only have time for a short, brisk walk. If you’re constipated, ask your professional about using a fiber supplement or stool softener.
- Don’t wait when you have the urge to have a bowel movement, try not to strain when you’re moving your bowels, and do not stick around on the toilet, due to the fact that it puts pressure on the area.
- Do Kegel exercises daily. Kegels increase blood circulation in the rectal area and reinforce the muscles around the rectum, decreasing the opportunity of hemorrhoids. They likewise enhance and tone the muscles around the vagina and urethra, which can help your body recover after you give birth.
- Prevent sitting or meaning long stretches of time. If your job includes sitting, get up and move around for a few minutes every hour or two, according to iytmed.com. At home, push your left side when sleeping, reading to take the pressure off your rectal veins and help increase blood return from the lower half of your body.
What Else Can I Do To Get Relief?
- Use an ice bag (with a soft covering) to the afflicted area several times a day. Ice might help reduce swelling and discomfort. Some women hire cold compresses filled with witch hazel to be calming.
- Soak your bottom in warm water in a tub for 10 to 15 minutes a few times every day. (If you do not have a tub, you can buy a sitz bath at the pharmacy. It’s a small plastic basin that you fill with water and position over your toilet, permitting you to submerge your rectal area just by sitting down.).
- Try alternating cold and warm treatments.
- Gently however completely tidy the affected area after each defecation using soft, odorless, white toilet paper, which causes less inflammation than colored, fragrant ranges.
- Moistening the tissue can help, too. Numerous women find using premoistened wipes more comfortable than using toilet paper. You can purchase wipes medicated with witch hazel that are made particularly for people with hemorrhoids.
- Ask your healthcare specialist to advise a safe topical anesthetic or medicated suppository. There are many hemorrhoid-relief products on the marketplace, however consult your professional prior to attempting one on your own. Most of these products should be used for no more than a week. Continued use can cause even more inflammation.
When Should I Call My Practitioner?
If your own preventive and relief efforts don’t help– or if you have severe pain or notification bleeding– consult your doctor or midwife. (Any rectal bleeding needs to be checked by your specialist.).
For many women, hemorrhoids will improve after delivery with the help of these self-treatment procedures. In some cases, you might need to see a professional for treatment to assist diminish your hemorrhoids. Rarely, minor surgery is required to correct the problem.