Varicose veins are thick, ropy blue or purple veins in the legs that can be seen near the skin’s surface area. These inflamed and bulging veins cause a range of symptoms, including itching, pain, and a feeling of heaviness in your legs.
Veins swell up when the valves that control the flow of blood from your legs up to your torso fail. The weak, broken valves permit blood to support and pool inside your leg veins.
You’re more likely to establish varicose veins as you age and your veins become weaker. Pregnancy can likewise trigger the growth of these veins since it slows the flow of blood out of your legs in the midst of an increased blood volume.
The best way to keep the itchiness of varicose veins at bay is to manage the veins themselves. Keeping your legs raised and making other lifestyle modifications can prevent the varicose veins you have from worsening. These measures may likewise assist decrease new veins from forming. If these measures don’t work, a couple of treatments can close or eliminate harmed veins.
What Causes Itchy Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins itch because of a condition called venous stasis dermatitis. When blood builds up in harmed vessels, it can eventually leakage out into the skin. The dripping blood vessels and associated swelling might cause inadequate oxygen reaching your skin.
The skin over the veins becomes red and scratchy. Red or purple sores can form. These sores might ooze fluid and after that scab over.
As venous stasis dermatitis worsens, the skin over your lower legs and feet reddens and scaly. The itch can end up being really intense.
This condition is also called stasis dermatitis or venous eczema.
How Do You Treat Itchy Varicose Veins?
To deal with itchy varicose veins, you’ll generally see a skin doctor or a vein expert. Treatments for this condition consist of:
A corticosteroid or calcineurin inhibitor cream can assist lower inflammation in your legs and relieve the itch.
This type of medicine blocks a chemical called histamine, which makes your skin itch.
If the sores over your varicose veins become contaminated with a bacterium, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to deal with the infection. You can take antibiotics by mouth or rub them straight onto the sore.
If you have an open wound, your doctor may position an unique covering over the wound to assist it recover. They may likewise utilize a compression stocking or cover to help reduce swelling and improve blood flow.
Surgery is the only way to cure scratchy varicose veins. If the condition doesn’t enhance with other treatments, your doctor may suggest one of these treatments:
For this procedure, your doctor injects a special medication into your veins. The chemical aggravates the veins and causes scar tissue to form. Eventually, the dealt with veins close up.
After 3 to 4 months, your varicose veins should disappear. A more recent version of this treatment uses foam to close the veins.
This treatment uses an extreme light to get rid of varicose veins. It works on smaller veins. You might need more than one treatment to eliminate veins totally.
Endovenous Ablation Therapy
For this treatment, your doctor makes an extremely small skin incision and inserts a thin tube called a catheter into the vein. Radiofrequency energy or a laser at the tip of the catheter heats up and closes the vein.
Endoscopic Vein Surgery
Throughout this surgical treatment, your doctor makes a small skin incision and inserts a thin tube with a camera on completion into the vein. An unique gadget near completion of the camera closes off the vein. This procedure is usually booked for extreme varicose veins that have caused open sores to form in the skin.
Vein Stripping And Ligation
This procedure ties off and removes the vein through small incisions. It’s used for more severe varicose veins. You may be asleep during the surgery.
This procedure involves your doctor making small cuts in your skin and getting rid of veins that are close to the surface. You’ll be awake and regional anesthesia will numb the areas near the veins being worked on.
How Can You Manage Itchy Varicose Veins At Home?
Here are a couple of ideas to assist you manage your scratchy varicose veins at home.
Elevate Your Legs
Prop up your legs on a stool or pillow as soon as every 2 hours for about 15 minutes. Also, try to keep your legs raised while you sleep. Putting your legs above your heart will keep blood flowing in the right instructions, and avoid it from pooling in your veins.
Wear Compression Stockings
Tight, compression stockings put pressure on your legs to enhance your venous blood circulation and reduce swelling. You can purchase them over-the-counter at your regional drugstore, or you can get them with a prescription from your doctor.
Purchasing prescription stockings will help guarantee you get a pair that fits you well, as your doctor will have the ability to assist choose the compression strength best for you. Prescription stockings also offer more assistance than over-the-counter ones.
Rub on a Moisturizer
Apply a moisturizer to your skin a couple of times a day to relieve dryness. A thick emollient cream or petroleum jelly works well. Utilize a cream that’s gentle and doesn’t consist of any fragrance or dye.
Keeping Your Varicose Veins From Getting Worse
Here are a couple of other ways to take care of your legs and prevent your varicose veins from becoming worse:
- Take a walk or do other aerobic exercises every day to keep your blood moving through your veins.
- Drop weight if you’re overweight. Excess weight puts more pressure on your veins.
- Don’t use clothing that have a tight waist or tight cuffs on the legs. The pressure can make varicose veins worse.
- Avoid standing in one location or sitting for extended periods of time. Get up and walk every thirty minutes.
What Is The Outlook?
Itchy varicose veins can be uncomfortable, but they’re not typically serious. Lifestyle modifications like using compression stockings and elevating your legs will enhance blood flow in your legs. That need to assist reduce the itch.
If the itchiness and other symptoms truly bother you, see a skin specialist or vein specialist (phlebologist). You may require surgery to block or get rid of the afflicted vein. Many procedures are minimally invasive and you’ll go home on the exact same day.