Muscular System Diseases
The muscles in our body perform various functions like maintaining posture by constant contraction, making motions of the skeleton and producing body heat by cell metabolic process. Muscular system disease includes muscle pain, weak point in the muscles and paralysis. It could be triggered by various conditions like hormonal disorder, auto-immune problem, genetic element, infections, cancer or misuse of the muscle.
1. Muscular Dystrophy
In this hereditary disease, a group of muscle diseases cause the damage of muscle fiber. There is no specific remedy for it and the symptoms include weakness, immobility and imbalance. The common diseases under this category are Duchenne, Myotonia, Becker, Limb Girdle and Oculopharyngeal.
2. Cerebral Palsy
Spastic paralysis is a typical genetic disorder that affects the posture, balance and motor functions. Muscle tone is lost during pregnancy or during child birth. Physical jobs end up being tough due to the fact that of this disorder.
3. Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva
In this condition, soft tissue hardens and ends up being bone-like permanently. Bone grows between joints and motions get completely limited. There is no reliable cure available. Just pain management can be done through medication.
In this condition, there is inflammatory myopathy affecting skin and muscle. It is an autoimmune disease damaging the connective tissue and compromising the muscles. There is no treatment for this condition, however the progression can be managed by taking corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs.
5. Compartment Syndrome
The blood vessels, muscles and nerves get compressed in a closed area, which winds up in cutting off the oxygen supply. The outcome is tissue death which can even cause paralysis. Immediate treatment is the surgery called fasciotomy. The pressure on muscles will be launched after the surgery.
6. Myasthenia Gravis
In this autoimmune disease, there is muscle weakness and fatigue which are brought on by breakdown of the neuromuscular junction. For that reason, the brain does not have control over these muscles. It can cause drooping eyelids, trouble in breathing or swallowing and loss of facial muscle control. Treatment could be done with medication or surgery.
7. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
This is an extremely major neurodegenerative disease and is also referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease. The neurons get damaged and thus there is loss of control on voluntary muscles. Initial symptoms include difficulty in breathing, speaking and swallowing. Paralysis is likewise an innovative stage symptom.
8. Mitochondrial Myopathies
The mitochondria are the powerhouse of cells. However in this condition, the mitochondria get harmed. It leads to weak point of muscles, deafness, blindness, arrhythmia and heart failure. In some cases it can cause seizures, dementia, vomiting and saggy eyelids. Nausea, headache and problem in breathing are some other symptoms.
This particular muscular system disease has fast destruction of the skeletal muscle. The muscle fibers break down into myoglobin which gets excreted in urine. Muscle weakness, pain and tightness are seen. Treatment is possible when it is discovered in early stages by methods of IV fluids, dialysis or hemofiltration.
Polymyositis is degenerative and inflammatory in nature. It affects the systemic connective tissue triggering weak point and muscle atrophy.
This is another one the muscular system diseases. Fibromyalgia is a chronic and incapacitating muscle disorder. It causes pain, tiredness, tenderness and tightness of muscles. It is thought about a congenital disease and affects more women than men.
In this condition, the muscles unwind gradually after stimulation or contraction. It causes issue when grip is launched when you get up from sitting or sleeping position. Treatment includes medication, physiotherapy and anticonvulsants.
13. Myofascial Pain Syndrome
This is a chronic pain disorder of the muscles. It causes hurting and burning feeling on trigger points which are sensitive spots of muscles. It can cause joint tightness, knot in the muscles and sleeplessness due to pain. This can be managed by corticosteroids, injections of botulinum, massage and physiotherapy.
14. Rotator Cuff Tear
The shoulder muscles help in turning the shoulder in addition to move the hand in front and back. The structural strength for this joint is due to the tendons of these muscles. Extensive, quick or difficult movements, like that in baseball and tennis, can cause a tear in the tendon which causes pain and reduced movement. Torn tendon can be fixed by surgery.
15. Muscle Cramps
Cramps in muscles can happen suddenly and involuntarily, in one or more muscles. It can happen late night or after exercising and can be caused due to a variety of reasons, lasting for seconds to minutes. Overusing a muscle or pinching nerve can cause a cramp. Mild massage assists momentarily. To minimize convulsions and cramps, steroids or medicines can be prescribed.
16. Sprains and Strains
Twist or draw in the muscles or tendons which can either be sudden or over a period of time may cause sprains and strains. Back and hamstring muscles are commonly affected. This is among the muscular system diseases that cause pain, swelling and problem in movement. Rest and ice compress are advised. It’s crucial to keep the area immobile and take medication for the pain.
Talipes is likewise referred to as flat feet in which the muscles supporting the arch damage and cause flattening of the arch due to the down pressure. There are 2 types of flat feet: rigid and versatile. Flexible one is not painful and does not have symptoms. It can be dealt with by using restorative shoes, exercise and massage.
When a tendon gets irritated or irritated, it leads to tendonitis and the inflammation can take place in any tendon of the body. Nevertheless, it is seen more frequently in wrists, elbows, shoulders and heels. It causes pain, moderate swelling, inflammation and can be treated with painkiller, rest and ice compress.
Last modified: January 30, 2018