What Is a tongue burn? Why does my tongue feels like it’s burnt?
A tongue burn is a common disorder. Typically, the condition takes place after eating or drinking something that’s too hot. Standard first-aid treatment for burns can also work for a tongue burn.
A mild burn on your tongue can be an annoyance, but it will ultimately recover. If you have a serious burn, seek immediate medical attention.
In some cases, you may feel a burning sensation on your tongue without an actual burn. This condition is called burning tongue syndrome, which is also referred to as idiopathic glossopyrosis.
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Causes of a Tongue Burn
Underestimating the temperature of steam, hot food, or liquids can cause a burn on your tongue, mouth, or lips. Often consuming incredibly hot food and drinks without checking the temperature puts you at a greater risk for tongue burn. Burning tongue syndrome is a condition that can make you feel the sensation of a burn on your tongue for no evident factor.
Postmenopausal women are at an increased risk for burning tongue syndrome. This sensation can be related to lower estrogen levels, which can cause a decrease in the sensitivity of taste buds.
The two types of burning tongue syndrome are main and secondary. In main burning mouth syndrome, there is no recognized cause. Secondary burning mouth syndrome is likely caused by another medical condition.
Secondary burning mouth syndrome might be caused by:
- dry mouth, which is frequently a side effect of medications or a symptom of another medical condition
- thrush, which is an oral yeast infection
- oral lichen planus, which is an often chronic inflammation inside the mouth that’s caused by the body immune system introducing an attack on the mouth’s mucous membrane cells
- geographical tongue, which is a condition in which the tongue’s surface area is missing some of its normal small bumps called papillae and rather has areas of red and in some cases raised patches that tend to vanish and after that come back in different areas of the tongue
- vitamin deficiencies
- severe worry
- damage to the nerves
- allergic reaction to particular foods
- stomach acid that makes its way into the mouth from conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD
- medications, such as those used for high blood pressure
- diabetes, hypothyroidism, and other endocrine disorders
- an imbalance of hormones, such as during menopause
- grinding the teeth, brushing the teeth too hard, using mouthwash too often, and other unhealthy oral habits
Symptoms of a Tongue Burn
A burn of the tongue will look and feel various, depending on the degree of the burn:
- A first-degree burn involves the outermost layer of the tongue. You’ll experience pain, and your tongue might become red and swollen. Simetimes tongue feels like its burning when you are eating.
- A second-degree burn is more painful since both the outermost layer and the under layer of the tongue are injured. Blisters may form, and the tongue will appear red and swollen.
- A third-degree burn affects the deepest tissue of the tongue. The result is white or blackened, burnt skin. You might also experience numbness or severe pain and tongue feels like it’s burnt all time.
- When the tongue becomes red or swollen, bumps on the tongue called papillae might vanish. This can give the tongue a smooth, instead of rough, appearance. In between these bumps are the palate. A burn might also minimize your taste as well. However this is frequently a temporary side effect unless the burn is severe.
In addition to feeling a burning sensation on the tongue, symptoms of burning tongue syndrome include:
- a tongue that feels typical in the morning but aggravates throughout the day
- an everyday repetition of burning symptoms
- a metal or bitter taste that accompanies the burning sensation
- a sensation of having a dry mouth despite regular saliva production
Complications From a Tongue Burn
If it’s not identified and treated correctly, a severe burn of the tongue can become infected. You need to constantly go to a doctor for second-degree and third-degree burns.
A burn of the tongue can also destroy palate, creating a lack of sensation where the burn occurred, according to iytmed.com. This is normally a short-term problem because your palate regenerate about every two weeks.
If you have burning tongue syndrome, the severe, untreatable pain can sometimes lead to sensations of depression and anxiety.
Tongue Burn Diagnosis
Redness, swelling, and blistering are signs of a tongue burn. Your doctor can likely detect the condition by simply analyzing your tongue.
Burning tongue syndrome is detected by leaving out diseases and conditions with similar symptoms. Your doctor will ask you about your oral care practices to see if any practices, such as overusing mouthwash or brushing your teeth exceedingly hard, are triggering your symptoms.
You may also receive any of the following tests to eliminate other conditions:
- Blood tests are used to eliminate nutritional shortages, hormone imbalances, and endocrine conditions.
- Oral samples are used to eliminate oral conditions, such as thrush and oral lichen planus.
- Allergy tests are used to eliminate burning of the tongue caused by allergies to food or additives.
- Saliva testing is used to rule out dry mouth.
- Imaging tests are used to eliminate any other conditions that your doctor may suspect.
- Mental surveys or questionnaires are used to see whether depression, anxiety, or stress may be the cause.
- Stomach reflux tests are used to see whether or not you have GERD.
Treating a Tongue Burn
Initial treatment for a burn of the tongue ought to include fundamental emergency treatment. Your doctor ought to examine burns that display the signs and symptoms of second-degree or third-degree burns.
To prevent infection and reduce pain in a first-degree burn on the tongue:
- Rinse the area well with cool water for a few minutes.
- Get rid of any dirt or particles that may be on the burn.
- Wet a tidy fabric with cool water and hold it on top of the burn.
- Draw on ice chips or a popsicle to soothe the pain.
- Rinse with cool water or salt water.
- Prevent warm or hot liquids, which could aggravate the burn.
- Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and inflammation.
- Spray a few grains of sugar on the tongue to eliminate pain.
Consult your physician or dentist if the burn does not improve or ends up being infected. Signs of infection may include:
- increased inflammation
- drain of pus
If you’re suffering from burning tongue syndrome, you may find relief from the same types of remedies as those used to treat first-degree burns. There are no clinically authorized treatments particularly for burning tongue syndrome.
Often, treating the conditions that may have caused secondary burning tongue syndrome can help. For instance, if your current medication is causing dry mouth, your doctor may recommend another prescription. If stomach acid recedes into mouth due to the fact that of acid reflux or GERD, your doctor may recommend medications like omeprazole (Prilosec) to reduce your stomach’s production of acid.
How to Prevent a Tongue Burn
You can prevent a tongue burn by checking the temperature of hot liquids and food before eating or consuming. Beverages or food heated in a microwave may not heat equally, therefore you ought to use additional caution.
There’s no recognized method to avoid burning tongue syndrome. You might have the ability to reduce the burning sensation by minimizing stress and avoiding tobacco and certain types of foods and drinks. These include carbonated drinks, acidic foods, and spicy foods.
Outlook for a Tongue Burn
A tongue burn can heal in about two weeks without particular treatment. Nevertheless, some burns can last up to 6 weeks.
Burning tongue syndrome can continue for months or perhaps years. According to the Cleveland Clinic, around 30 percent of people with burning tongue syndrome improve within 3 to 5 years without treatment.