Abdominal pain is pain that happens between the chest and pelvic areas. Abdominal pain can be crampy, throbbing, dull, intermittent or sharp. It’s likewise called a stomachache.
Inflammation or diseases that impact the organs in the abdomen can cause abdominal pain. Significant organs found in the abdomen consist of:
- Intestines (small and large).
- appendix (a part of the big intestinal tract).
Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections that affect the stomach and intestines might also cause considerable abdominal pain.
What Causes Abdominal Pain in the Center and/or Right Side of the Human Body?
Abdominal pain in the right side and center can be triggered by numerous conditions. However, the main causes are infection, abnormal developments, inflammation, obstruction (obstruction), and digestive tract disorders.
Infections in the throat, intestinal tracts, and blood can cause bacteria to enter your digestion tract, resulting in abdominal pain. These infections might likewise cause modifications in digestion, such as diarrhea or constipation.
Cramps related to menstruation are likewise a prospective source of lower abdominal pain, however more frequently these are understood to cause pelvic pain.
Other typical causes of abdominal pain include:
- gastroenteritis (stomach flu).
- heartburn (when stomach contents leak backward into the esophagus, triggering heartburn and other symptoms).
- kidney infection.
Conditions that impact the digestive system can also cause chronic abdominal pain. The most typical are:
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- irritable bowel syndrome or spastic colon (a condition that causes abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in
- bowel movements).
- Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory bowel disease).
- lactose intolerance (the failure to digest lactose, the sugar discovered in milk and milk items).
Causes of severe abdominal pain consist of:
- organ rupture or near-rupture (such as a burst appendix, or appendicitis).
- gallbladder stones (called gallstones).
- kidney stones.
- kidney infection.
Types of Abdominal Pain
Abdominal pain can be described as localized, cramp-like, or colicky.
Localized pain is limited to one area of the abdomen. This type of pain is often caused by problems in a particular organ. The most typical reason for localized pain is stomach ulcers (open sores on the inner lining of the stomach).
Cramp-like pain might be connected with diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or flatulence. In women, it can be connected with menstruation, miscarriage, or complications in the female reproductive organs. This pain comes and goes, and might completely subside on its own without treatment.
Colicky pain is a symptom of more severe conditions, such as gallstones or kidney stones. This pain happens suddenly and might feel like a severe muscle spasm.
Location of Pain Within the Abdomen
The location of the pain within the abdomen may be a hint about its cause.
Pain that is generalized throughout the abdominal area (not in one specific area) might show:
- appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix).
- Crohn’s disease.
- traumatic injury.
- irritable bowel syndrome.
- urinary tract infection.
- the flu.
Pain that is focused in the lower abdominal area might suggest:
- intestinal tract obstruction.
- ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that takes place outside the womb).
In women, pain in the reproductive organs of the lower abdomen can be triggered by:
- severe menstrual pain (called dysmenorrhea).
- ovarian cysts.
- pelvic inflammatory disease.
- ectopic pregnancy.
Upper abdominal pain might be triggered by:
- heart attack.
- liver disease (liver inflammation).
Pain in the center of the abdomen might be from:
- uremia (accumulation of waste items in your blood).
Causes of lower right abdominal pain include:
- hernia (when an organ extends through a weak point in the abdominal muscles).
- kidney infection.
Upper right abdominal pain may be from:
- liver disease.
When to See the Doctor
Moderate abdominal pain may go away without treatment. Nevertheless, in many cases, abdominal pain may require a trip to the doctor.
Call 911 if your abdominal pain is severe and related to trauma (from an accident or injury) or pressure or pain in your chest.
You should look for instant medical care if the pain is so severe that you can’t sit still or need to curl into a ball to get comfy, or if you have any of the following:
- bloody stools.
- high fever (higher than 101°F).
- vomiting up blood (called hematemesis).
- persistent nausea or vomiting.
- yellowing of the skin or eyes.
- swelling or severe tenderness of the abdominal area.
- trouble breathing.
Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours.
- long term constipation.
- a burning feeling when you urinate.
- loss of appetite.
- unexplained weight loss.
Call your doctor if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding and you experience sharp abdominal pain.
How Is the Cause of Sharp Abdominal Pain Diagnosed?
The cause of abdominal pain can be diagnosed through a series of tests. Before ordering tests, your doctor will do a health examination. This consists of gently pressing down on different areas of your abdominal area to look for inflammation and swelling. This info, combined with the intensity of the pain and its area within the abdomen, will help your doctor identify which checks to order.
Imaging tests, such as MRI scans, ultrasounds, and X-rays, are used to see organs, tissues, and other structures in the abdominal area in detail. These tests can help diagnose growths, fractures, ruptures, and swelling.
Other tests consist of:
- colonoscopy (to look inside the colon and intestines).
- endoscopy (to identify swelling and abnormalities in the esophagus and stomach).
- upper GI (a special X-ray test that uses contrast color to check for the presence of growths, ulcers, inflammation, clogs, and other abnormalities in the stomach).
Blood, urine, and stool samples may likewise be gathered to search for evidence of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections.
How Can I Prevent Abdominal Pain in the Right Side?
Not all types of abdominal pain are avoidable. Nevertheless, you can decrease the risk of developing abdominal pain by doing the following:
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Drink water frequently.
- Workout regularly.
- Eat smaller meals.
If you have an intestinal tract disorder, such as Crohn’s disease, follow the diet your doctor has offered you to decrease discomfort. If you have GERD, do not eat within two hours of bedtime.
Resting too soon after eating might cause heartburn and abdominal pain. Attempt waiting at least two hours after consuming prior to resting.