A tumor, also referred to as a neoplasm, is an abnormal mass of tissue which might be solid or fluid-filled. A tumor does not indicate cancer – tumors can be benign (not cancerous), pre-malignant (pre-cancerous), or deadly (cancerous).
There are several types of tumors and a variety of names for them – their names normally show their shape and the sort of tissue they appear in. Simply put, a tumor is a sort of lump or swelling, it does not always present a health threat.
Here are some key points about tumors More information and supporting details is in the main post.
- Tumor are not always cancerous.
- Benign tumors can not spread out.
- Fibroids are benign tumors that grow on fibrous or connective tissue.
- Lipomas include fat.
- A premalignant tumor is one that is not yet cancerous however is about to be.
- Cancerous tumors are described as deadly.
- Metastasis is the term used to describe the procedure of a tumor spreading.
- An excisional biopsy involves removing an entire lump or surrounding area.
What Is a Tumor?
When medical professionals use the term tumor they are talking generically and not about the size of the lesion. A mass generally describes a lump which is at least 20 mm (0.787 inches) in diameter at its largest point, while a blemish is less than 20 mm at its widest point.
Tumor sizes might differ enormously. In January 2012, Nguyen Duy Hai, a 32-year-old Vietnamese man went through a 12-hour operation to remove a 200-pound tumor from his leg. Dr. McKay McKinnon, lead surgeon, had actually ranked the success of the operation at just 50%. The surgery was a success.
Cancer stem cells may play a major function in tumor growth, three research studies published in the journals Nature and Science exposed in August 2012. Scientists think cancer might have its own stem cells that influence on the regrowth of tumors. They included that if further studies confirm their findings, the way we treat cancerous tumors may alter considerably.
A benign tumor (benign neoplasm) can not metastasize – it can not spread out. Examples consist of uterine fibroids and moles. “Benign” suggests it is non-progressive, it remains as it is.
Examples of benign tumors include:
- Fibroids (fibromas).
A premalignant or precancerous tumor is one that is not yet deadly, however is about to end up being so.
Examples of premalignant growths consist of:
- Actinic keratosis.
- Dysplasia of the cervix.
- Metaplasia of the lung.
Malignant tumors are cancerous tumors, they have the tendency to end up being gradually worse, and can potentially lead to death. Unlike benign tumors, malignant ones grow quickly, they are enthusiastic, they look for new area, and they spread out (metastasize).
Transition – deadly tumors attack close-by cells, and then the cells near those, and spread. Some cells can break off from the tumor and infect various parts of the body through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system, and develop themselves anywhere in the body, and form new cancerous tumors. Transition is the process by which cancer cells spread out from their primary site to remote areas in the human body.
There are various types of tumors, which are comprised of specific types of cancer cells:
- Bacterium cell tumor.
The Naming of Tumors and Cancers
Cancer words typically have a prefix (start of the word) which describes which part of the body is included, while the suffix (end of the word) informs you what kind of cancer it is.
For instance, the prefix adeno describes a gland, from which you get full words like adenosarcoma or adenocarcinoma.
Below are some common prefixes used in cancer terms:
- Uro- (bladder).
- Retino- (eye).
- Osteo- (bone).
- Neuro- (brain).
- Myo- (muscle).
- Myelo- (bone marrow).
- Melano- (pigment cell).
- Lympho- (leukocyte).
- Lipo- (fat).
- Hepato- (liver).
- Hemangio- (capillary).
- Erythro- (red cell).
- Chondro- (cartilage).
- Adeno- (gland).
Possible suffixes that can be added to the prefixes above are sarcoma, cancer, or blastoma.