Rash on Face: Causes
Facial rashes can be caused by a wide variety of illness and conditions, consisting of infection, inflammation, allergy, and autoimmune procedures. A sudden or acute facial rash might be because of an allergic reaction or sensitivity to a particular substance, such as a facial moisturizer, food, or medication.
A chronic or long-lasting facial rash may be brought on by such conditions as acne or an inflammatory disorder, such as rosacea. Rosacea is identified by facial flushing, especially on the cheeks, and raised bumps that can appear like acne. The accurate reason for rosacea is not understood, yet reliable treatments to manage rosacea are readily available.
A facial rash in a baby might be triggered by caught dead skin cells (milia) or baby acne, although other causes are possible. A facial rash in children can be a sign of various conditions, consisting of eczema, allergies and viral diseases.
In all age groups, more serious causes include a severe allergic reaction with anaphylaxis (tightening of the respiratory tracts), bacterial meningitis, and cellulitis (an intrusive skin infection that can be triggered by streptococcal or staphylococcal germs, likewise called erysipelas).
Contagious causes for facial rashes
A facial rash may be triggered by an infection consisting of:
- Bacterial infection, such as an infection brought on by streptococcal or staphylococcal germs.
- Chickenpox (viral infection).
- 5th disease (moderate viral infection in children that can likewise trigger harm to unborn babies).
- Folliculitis (inflammation or infection of a hair follicle).
- Fungal infection of the skin (likewise called ringworm).
- Herpes virus infection.
- Impetigo (microbial skin infection).
- Measles (viral infection).
- Shingles (viral reactivation of chickenpox infection).
Allergic causes for facial rashes
A causes for facial rashes by an allergic reaction consisting of:
- Allergic contact dermatitis, such as an allergy to a facial ointment.
- Atopic dermatitis.
- Drug reaction.
- Eczema (atopic dermatitis), consisting of persistent eczema.
- Food allergy.
- Irritant contact dermatitis, such as a level of sensitivity to a perfume.
- Autoimmune and inflammatory causes of facial rashes.
A facial rash might be triggered by an autoimmune or inflammatory disorder including:
- Baby acne (skin swelling triggered by maternal hormones).
- Dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis, which can affect the face and neck in addition to the scalp).
- Rosacea (persistent inflammatory skin condition).
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (disorder where the body attacks its own healthy cells and tissues).
Other causes of facial rashes
A facial rash might likewise accompany the following conditions:.
- Anxiety or stress.
- Erythema toxicum (benign, noncancerous skin condition typical in newborns).
- Heat rash.
- Methamphetamine abuse.
- Milia (tiny white bumps of dead skin cells and other debris).
Dangerous causes for facial rashes
Sometimes, a facial rash might accompany a major or life-threatening condition that must be examined instantly in an emergency level. Major or deadly conditions include:.
- Allergic purpura (an autoimmune bleeding condition).
- Anaphylaxis (a dangerous allergy).
- Erythema multiforme (a type of allergy).
- Meningitis (infection or inflammation of the sac around the brain and spinal cord).
- Harmful skin necrolysis (skin and mucosal loss due to a severe medication reaction).
Questions for diagnosing the cause of a facial rash
To identify the underlying reason for a facial rash, your doctor or licensed healthcare specialist will ask you several questions about your symptoms. Offering total responses to these questions will help your provider in identifying the cause of your facial rash:.
What does the rash appear like?
When did the rash appear?
Does the rash appear on only one particular region of the face?
Have you had the rash prior to?
Is the rash spreading to other areas?
What is your medical and dental history? Do you have any diseases or conditions?
What medications, supplements or natural drugs are you taking?
Have you been in recent contact with any uncommon substances or environments, such as direct exposure to chemicals or uncommon plants, taking new medications or supplements, or traveling to a foreign country?
Do you have any other symptoms?
What are the possible complications of a facial rash?
In many cases, a facial rash can cause problems, particularly if there is severe itching and scratching that leads to breakdown of the skin. Scratching can present germs or fungus in the layers of skin, resulting in infections. Complications consist of:.
- Microbial or fungal infection of the skin.
- Cellulitis (an intrusive microbial or fungal infection of the skin and surrounding tissues).
- Open sores and lesions.
- Irreversible change in skin structure.
- Permanent skin staining.
Major complications of underlying causes of a facial rash, such as measles or meningitis, can also happen. You can best lower the danger of issues of a facial rash and its underlying causes by following the treatment strategy you and your healthcare service provider develop specifically for you.