Types of Dandruff: Causes, Treatment, Prevention


Dandruff is a problem in which dead skin cells on your scalp flake off, usually landing on your shoulders as well as clothing. Although dandruff flakes might look alike, they can be triggered by numerous types of scalp problems. Understanding which type of dandruff you have is essential to eliminating the flakes as well as itchiness and can additionally aid you take actions to deal with the underlying cause.

Types of Dandruff

There are numerous types of dandruff, each with a unique cause. Some kinds can be dealt with easily with changes to your hair care regular or with dandruff natural home remedy. Other types of dandruff might require prescription medications.

Allow’s take a more detailed consider the types of dandruff and also the underlying sources of each.

Dry Skin Dandruff

This is a common type of dandruff. It has a tendency to occur regularly in the winter season as winter as well as indoor home heating can dry out your skin, consisting of the skin on your scalp.

Washing your hair regularly in hot water can also cause dry skin dandruff.

A scalp that’s as well dry can end up being inflamed and also dropped skin cells. Dry skin dandruff flakes are small as well as white. Your scalp may feel itchy, but not excessively so.

If the itchiness comes to be serious, you may have a more major skin condition that calls for a medical professional’s care.

To aid avoid dry skin dandruff, make use of a moisturizing shampoo. Home remedies, such as a coconut oil scalp massage, might likewise aid relieve itchiness and also prevent the skin on your scalp from drying.

Oily Skin Dandruff

Just listed below the surface of your skin are glands that generate sebum, an oily substance that aids moisturize and safeguard your skin. When these sebaceous glands create way too much sebum, it can make you hair oily.

Additionally, the excess oil can glob with each other, bothersome your scalp and creating dandruff.

Oily skin dandruff flakes tend to be larger than dry skin dandruff. The flakes might look extra yellow than white, and might show up oilier, as well.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a much more serious form of oily skin dandruff.

Shampooing regularly as well as making use of a dandruff shampoo with salicylic acid might assist keep oily skin dandruff under control.

Fungus-related Dandruff

A type of usual fungus called Malassezia is located on the skin of every human being. In some individuals, it can cause an inflammatory action that generates dandruff or other problems, such as eczema.

Utilizing a shampoo with Malassezia-inhibiting active ingredients, such as zinc pyrithione, may assist deal with fungus-related dandruff.

According to a 2018 study, this type of shampoo might additionally help prevent or treat various other scalp problems, such as seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, as well as eczema.

Applying watered down tea tree oil or a shampoo containing tea tree oil may likewise help in reducing fungus-related dandruff.

Disease-related Dandruff

Some usual skin conditions, consisting of psoriasis, eczema, as well as seborrheic dermatitis, can influence your scalp and cause dandruff.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis occurs more frequently in individuals with oily skin. It is an extreme type of oily skin dandruff. In addition to flakes, this common scalp problem can cause red flaky patches and also itching.

Among one of the most effective ways to treat dandruff caused by seborrheic dermatitis is with a shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione.


Likewise referred to as atopic dermatitis, eczema is characterized by patches of flaky, scratchy skin, and also in some cases a red breakout.

Information verified by the iytmed.com team.

When it appears on your scalp, this inflammatory problem can cause flakes that are normally larger than dry skin dandruff flakes. You might likewise see red, aggravated skin on your scalp.

Utilizing a mild, moisturizing shampoo may assist, though you might require a more powerful topical treatment recommended by a doctor.


Psoriasis is thought to be an autoimmune condition in which skin cells grow as well promptly, triggering thick, flaky patches to form on the skin.

According to the National Psoriasis Structure, regarding 50 percent of individuals that have psoriasis additionally have scalp psoriasis.

Scalp psoriasis might appear as fine, fine-grained flakes with a silver shine. It may likewise appear as elevated, swollen, flaky patches of skin covered with a silvery-white buildup of dead skin cells.

Corticosteroids can often reduce psoriasis flare-ups. A shampoo which contains salicylic acid or zinc pyrithione additionally might help in reducing scalp psoriasis symptoms.

What Can You Do To Deal With Or Stop Dandruff?

Dandruff treatment as well as prevention techniques can be divided right into three groups:

  • dandruff shampoos
  • lifestyle changes
  • hair care

Dandruff Shampoos

For some people, making use of a shampoo that’s targeted at dealing with dandruff suffices to deal with and also stop molting.

It is necessary to check out the instructions very carefully– some shampoos are for everyday use, while others must be made use of much less regularly.

If one type of shampoo isn’t reliable or loses its performance gradually, attempt an additional kind.

If a shampoo creates side effects– such as redness as well as irritability, or a breakout– stop using it immediately as well as consult with a medical professional.

Over-the-counter (OTC) shampoos that contain the following types of components might help in reducing or prevent flaking:

  • Pyrithione zinc. Aids destroy bacteria as well as fungus on the scalp. Shampoos with this ingredient, additionally called zinc pyrithione, are appropriate for a lot of hair kinds.
  • Coal tar. Slows the process of skin cell death on the scalp. These shampoos might create some discoloration to light hair.
  • Salicylic acid. Treats extreme oil on the scalp. Many shampoos with this active ingredient can be used every day, while others are suggested for use 2 to 3 times a week.
  • Selenium sulfide. Fights fungus on the scalp. This active ingredient can trigger some hair discoloration if you don’t completely rinse your hair after washing.
  • Ketoconazole. Likewise battles fungus, and this type of shampoo is offered OTC as well as in prescription stamina.


A healthy and balanced lifestyle can additionally profit your scalp health in numerous methods. In particular, attempt to:

Manage your stress, as high levels of stress can weaken your immune system and exacerbate particular skin conditions, like seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, and psoriasis.
Consume a healthy dietthat consists of a lot of omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, B vitamins, and also probiotics.

Hair Care

If you’re prone to dandruff, you may require to make some changes to your hair care regular and the products you use. Think about these techniques:

  • Limit hairstyling items, consisting of hair dyes, which may aggravate your skin or leave oils and chemicals on your scalp that may enhance your risk of establishing dandruff.
  • Avoid hot water. Usage lukewarm water rather to wash your hair.
  • Shampoo regularly with a gentle shampoo, or a shampoo that contains dandruff-fighting components, and be sure to rinse extensively.

When To See a Doctor

A mild situation of dandruff normally doesn’t require a doctor’s evaluation and treatment. There are some circumstances, though, that call for prescription-strength shampoos or various other medications.

If you see changes to your scalp that are much more severe or that don’t go away with self-care treatments, follow up with your healthcare provider or dermatologist.

Some symptoms that could be an indication of a problem that needs medical therapy include:

  • ongoing redness or irritation
  • a rash that doesn’t go away
  • consistent scaling
  • extreme itchiness
  • flakes that don’t clean up with OTC shampoos

If you have a skin condition such as psoriasis or eczema that impacts one part of your body as well as you also have dandruff, allow your doctor recognize. Along with your doctor or healthcare provider, you can figure out the very best training course of treatment for your dandruff.

The Bottom Line

Although dandruff flakes typically look alike, they can be brought on by different types of scalp problems. Paying close attention to the appearance of the flakes, the condition of your skin and also hair, as well as various other feasible symptoms might aid you figure out what type of dandruff you have.

Dandruff can typically be treated with an OTC antidandruff shampoo in addition to changes to your hair care routine. In many cases, prescription shampoos may be necessary to assist get rid of those bothersome flakes permanently.

Ali Gadimov
Health Recovery Tips