Symptoms of Myoma of Uterus

myoma of uterus histology

What is a Myoma?

A uterine myoma is a benign development of smooth muscle in the wall of the uterus.

Description of Uterine Myomas

A uterine myoma (myoma uteri) is a solid growth made of fibrous tissue, thus it is typically called a ‘fibroid’ growth. Myomas differ in size and number, are frequently slow-growing and normally cause no symptoms. Myomas of uterus that do not produce symptoms do not have to be dealt with. Approximately 25 % of myomas will trigger symptoms and need medical treatment.

myoma uterus operation: big myomas

Photo of removed huge myomas of uterus

Myomas may grow as a single nodule or in clusters and might range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm in size. Myomas are the most regularly identified growth of the female pelvis and the most common reason for a woman to have a hysterectomy. Although they are typically described as tumors, they are not cancerous.

Myoma Symptoms

Numerous women who have uterine fibroids have no symptoms and never ever need treatment. However, one out of 4 women of childbearing age does suffer from substantial symptoms. Uterine fibroid symptoms might differ depending on the area, size and variety of fibroids. Do you experience these symptoms?

The most typical symptoms of myoma of uterus is:

  • Heavy and long term bleeding
  • Fibroids bleeding may also involve clotting and pain.
  • Anemia may arise from this extensive bleeding. Abnormal bleeding is the main uterine fibroid symptom needing women to look for medical recommendations.

Other uterine fibroid  (myoma) symptoms may consist of:

  • Weight gain
  • Since fibroids can grow from the size of an orange to the size of a watermelon, it is not uncommon for a woman with big fibroids to experience weight gain.
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Pain or pressure may appear as an outcome of the bulk or weight of the fibroids continuing other structures in the pelvic area.
  • Pain in the back of legs
  • This uterine fibroid symptom looks like the fibroids press on nerves that reach the hips and legs.
  • Pressure on the bladder
  • This uterine fibroid symptom can cause frequent urination, urinary incontinence or urine retention.
  • Pressure on the bowel
  • Bowel pressure can result in constipation and/or bloating. The constipation may be aggravated by iron supplements taken for the anemia brought on by excessive fibroids bleeding.
  • Lower back pain
  • A feeling of pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen
    An abnormally bigger abdomen– this might be misinterpreted for weight gain or pregnancy
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Reproductive problems can also be another uterine myomas symptom. Infertility, persistent miscarriage, or premature labor during pregnancy can be brought on by uterine fibroids.

What Causes Myoma?

The reason for myomas has not in fact been determined, however a lot of uterine myomas establish in women during their reproductive years. Myomas of of uterus do not develop before the body begins producing estrogen. Myomas tend to grow extremely quickly throughout pregnancy when the body is producing extra estrogen. Once menopause has started, myomas normally stop growing and can begin to shrink due to the loss of estrogen.

Myoma Treatment

Until just recently, hysterectomy was the preferred option for treating symptomatic fibroids. Now, however, there are a number of uterine fibroid treatments consisting of the noninvasive, outpatient MR guided Focused Ultrasound myoma treatment.

 

References

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
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