From joint inflammation and narrowed capillary to compressed nerves, problems that might be to blame for painful feet.
Numerous forms of arthritis and related conditions that affect the joints, muscles and/or bones can cause issues like pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints of the feet. Other conditions can cause extra issues, such as numbness and tingling, pitted nails, painful ulcers or thickened skin. Here are some possible disease-related issues that influence the hands and wrists.
Arthritis & Foot Pain Causes
The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis is a chronic condition defined by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints. This breakdown causes the bones to rub versus each other, causing stiffness, pain and loss of motion in the joint. In the foot, osteoarthritis most typically affects the big toe, however it can also affect the midfoot.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints that happens when the body’s immune system– which typically protects us from infection– incorrectly attacks the synovium, the thin membrane that lines the joints. The outcome can be joint damage, pain, swelling, inflammation, loss of function and disability. Rheumatoid arthritis frequently affects the little joints of the feet, often triggering symptoms in a number of joints of both feet. This can lead to the development of corns and bunions, and the curling and stiffening of the toes into positions such as claw toe or hammer toe.
Juvenile arthritis (JA)
Juvenile arthritis is the term used to explain arthritis when it begins before age 16. There are a number of different types of juvenile arthritis that can cause pain and swelling in the joints of the feet.
Gout is a form of arthritis that takes place when excess uric acid, a physical waste product flowing in the blood stream, is deposited as needle-shaped monosodium urate crystals in tissues of the body, including the joints. For many people, the first symptom of gout is agonizing pain and swelling in the big toe– frequently following an injury, such as an illness or injury. Subsequent attacks may occur on and off in other joints. After years with the disease, lumps of uric acid, called tophi, may form beneath the skin in different parts of the body, consisting of the feet.
Reactive arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis that often takes place following an infection of the genital, urinary or intestinal system. Functions of reactive arthritis include swelling and swelling of the joints, eyes and structures within the gastrointestinal or genitourinary systems, such as intestinal tracts, kidneys or bladder. A small percentage of individuals with the disease establish a rash or tough nodules on the soles of their feet or on the palms of their hands.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease, suggesting the body’s immune system develops antibodies that attack healthy tissues, including the joints. The wrist and little joints of the feet are amongst those most commonly influenced by lupus. Lupus also can cause inflammation in lots of organs, including the skin, heart, lungs and kidneys.
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis accompanied by the skin disease psoriasis. The skin disease typically precedes the arthritis; in a small portion the joint disease develops prior to the skin disease, according to iytmed.com. Psoriatic arthritis can impact the toes. The associated skin disease can influence the skin of the feet and cause the toenails to thicken, develop pits and separate from the nail bed.
Likewise called septic arthritis, infectious arthritis describes arthritis that is brought on by an infection within the joint. Transmittable arthritis is frequently caused by bacteria, which spread out through the blood stream to the joint. Often it is brought on by viruses or fungi and can influence the joints of the feet.
Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition characterized by a narrowing of the capillary to the extremities, usually in the hands and feet, in reaction to cold temperatures or stress. When capillary shut down, toes become cold and white, then blue, and numb or painful. When the vessels open up once more, the toes become red or purple. Raynaud’s is frequently related to connective tissue illness, especially scleroderma.
Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones lose enough mass that they become brittle and vulnerable to breaking with slight trauma. In people with osteoporosis in bones of the foot, just stepping off of a curb can cause a stress fracture. The condition can accompany aging, inflammatory disease (such as rheumatoid arthritis) inactivity, a low-calcium diet or usage of corticosteroid medications.
Literally equated & quothard skin, & quot scleroderma is an umbrella term for conditions that involve the unusual development of the connective tissue supporting the skin and internal organs. Although there are a number of various kinds of scleroderma, all forms can cause thickening and tightening of the skin on the fingers called sclerodactyly. Skin thickening can also affect the backs of the feet, but it is typically less disabling than skin tightening up on the hands.