List of Painkillers

painkiller tablets

Pain is an undesirable sensation that might end up being discomforting at greater strengths. The typical websites or origin of pain are back, eye, face, stomach, joint pain, tongue etc. The triggered pain can be of different types like severe, moderate or even moderate. Several types of pain killers are readily available in the market to obtain rid of the pain. Pain killers are offered in pharmacy either as over-the-counter drugs however some may need prescription from a medical doctor. Below is the list of common pain relievers, both over-the-counter and prescribed, along with their effects, potency and adverse effects.

List of Painkillers with Reviews

General Guideline

  • Pain killers which are NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) works on the patho-physiological processes that elicit pain, fever and other signs of swelling in the body.
  • Corticosteroids pain reliever are usually given for the management of musculoskeletal injuries due to its effect on shutting down inflammation causing processes.
  • The pain which is set off by any damaged or sensitive nerves (see most commonly in cases like sciatica or shingles) is generally handled by nerve blockers or anti-depressants. These tablets have the capacity to regulate the understanding of pain by main worried system.
  • Some pain- killers are made use of as muscle relaxants to decreases the intensity of pain triggered by the muscles group. This pain reliever serve as sedative for main worried system.
  • Factor behind consuming medication is to enhance the lifestyle. It is essential to recognize that every pain reliever is connected with some negative effects in short term or long term. Therefore it is encouraged to learn and determine potential drawbacks prior to taking in any painkiller.

Following are the description of a few of the pain reliever:

Paracetamol

It is among the popular pain killers readily available (primarily utilized for the management of common headaches and non nerve discomforts). The efficient dosage is 2 tablets which can be consumed a minimum of 4 times a day (or at every 6 hrs interval). This dose and dosing routine is thought about safe for grownups. There are no common adverse effects for this medication and this drug can be used for longer time period. Nevertheless overdose of paracetamol can trigger some serious negative effects; for that reason it is highly recommended not to increase the dosage if the intensity of pain increases. If pain symptoms cannot resolve within 3 days, get in touch with the basic physician.

Ibuprofen

This drug is a type of NSAIDs i.e. non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs. It works best on inflammation triggering drugs in a very same method it is used for dealing with arthritis or any injury. This drug is not enabled to be made use of for longer time periods unless the swelling does not vanish. If this drug is consumed for longer time periods, it can result in significant adverse effects like bleeding, indigestion, heart problems and kidney issues. It is highly encouraged not to take in overdose of this drug as it can trigger severe repercussions.

Codeine

This drug does not work well alone but can provide far much better results when used with paracetamol in a single formulation. Over the counter drugs are available under the label of co-codamol (which is paracetamol integrated with lower amount of codeine). Greater potency of codeine should just be utilized on doctor’s prescription. Some other painkillers with greater potency consist of Zydol (tramadol) and dihydrocodeine.

Drugs under this category are considered as habit-forming or addicting. The factor behind is these drugs makes an individual feel unhealthy for a short time duration when stop taking in. If for any certain factor this drug is consumed for longer period then consult your basic doctor for suggestions.

Amitriptyline and Gabapentin

Gabapentin is the drug used for dealing with epilepsy and amitriptyline medication and is used for dealing with anxiety. Both of the drugs are also given to patients for dealing with pain activated by damaged or hyper-sensitive nerves that includes sciatica, shingles or nerve pain caused by diabetes. This medication is taken in when prescribed by the general doctor. Adverse effects of both the drugs consist of dizziness and drowsiness.

Morphine

This drug is thought about as effective and best pain reliever offered. Some other drugs fall under this classification consist of fentanyl, buprenorphine and Oxycodone. It is encouraged to book using this pain killer just in severe pain. These medications are only consumed when recommended by pain professional or general physician as the doctor will keep an eye on the development on dosage potency. These drugs are typically used for long term to administer the pain.

Strong opioids are medicines used to deal with severe or long-lasting (persistent) pain. Although there are numerous kinds of strong opioids, morphine is the most frequently utilized strong opioid and usually the first one your doctor will prescribe, according iytmed.com.

Oxymorphone hydrochloride extended-release tablets are suggested for the management of pain severe sufficient to require daily, ongoing, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment choices are insufficient.

The most typical side-effects are constipation, feeling sick (queasiness), and tiredness. It is uncommon for individuals who take a strong opioid to deal with pain to become addicted to strong opioids.

The following table lists more OTC and recommended painkillers:

List of Painkillers by strength (from strongest to weakest)

OTC Pain Killers
Brand Name
Generic Name
Per Pill Dose
Strength
Best Uses
Bufferin
Bayer
Anacin
Ecotrin
Aspirin (also classified under
NSAIDs or acetylsalicylic acid)
81 mg
325 mg
1
Helpful for the management of pains and minor aches
Excedrin
Anacin
Tylenol
Acetaminophen
L374 caplet
500 mg
2
Treat fever, can be used instead of aspirin if a person is allergic to salicylates or aspirin, given to arthritis patients, treat rheumatism and musculo-skeletal issues
Vanquish
Combination of acetaminophen and aspirin (NSAID)
325 mg
500 mg
2.25
Given for the acute management of headache
Nuprin
Advil
Motrin
Ibuprofen
NSAID
44 291 tablet
200 mg
2.5
Treat muscle aches and fever
Naproxen
Aleve
naproxen sodium
(one of the very potent and powerful anti-inflammatory agents)
NSAID
220 mg
3
Prescribe mainly for the management of arthritis pain and inflammation. It is also effective for other
musculo-skeletal ailments
Motrin 800
Ibuprofen
(effectively used as an antipyretic, and analgesic).
Classified under NSAIDs
220 mg
800 mg
3.5
Treat rheumatism, arthritis and musculo-skeletal issues



Prescription Pain Killers
Brand Name
Generic Name
Per Pill Dose
Strength
Best Uses
Problems Caused
Celebrex
Celecoxib
(COX-2 inhibitor)
NSAID
100 mg
200 mg
3.7*
Rheumatoid, osteoarthritis and other sources of acute pain in addition to menstruation pain
Moderately increase the risk of bleeding in stomach, stroke and
heart attack
Ultram
Tramadol
50 mg
3.8*
Gives relief from moderate pain
Constipation, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, headache and vomiting
* NOTE: when the study is conducting Ultram and Celebrex does not exist. Their scores are an estimation
Demerol
Meperidine HCl
50 mg
100 mg
4
Opiates drug and synthetic opiates drugs are considered as the most powerful pain killers, but their use is abuse as all these drugs can make a person habitual of it.
Including large quantity of Tylenol (acetaminophen) with these drugs is prohibited for pharmaceutical companies and the reason behind is its overdose can totally destroys liver.
NOTE:
** The strength of Norco is an estimation as it does not exist while study was conducting.
Lorcet
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
5 mg to
500 mg
5
Vicodin
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
5 mg to
500 mg
5
Lorcet Plus
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
7.5 mg to
650 mg
5.5
Vicodin ES
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
7.5 mg to
750 mg
6
Norco
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone-APAP
5 mg to 325 mg
10 mg to 325 mg
6.5**
Lortab
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
10 mg to 500 mg
7
Vicodin HP
Acetaminophen and hydrocodone
10 mg to 660 mg
7
Percocet
Acetaminophen and oxycodone HCl
2.5 mg to 650 mg
7
Oxycodone is considered as powerful and very effective.
NOTE: The strength of oxycodone is an estimation as it does not exist when study was conducted
Percodan
Aspirin, oxycodone, terephthalate oxycodone HCl
325 mg
4.50 mg
0.38 mg
7
Oxycontin 40
Oxycodone HCl
40 mg
8.5
MS Contin RMS
Morphine
sulfate
15 mg
30mg
60mg
100 mg
9
It is considered as the 4th most powerful drug available.
Opana
Oxymorphone
5mg 7.5mg
10mg 15mg
20mg 30mg 40mg
9
Oxymorphone hydrochloride extended-release tablets are suggested for the management of pain severe sufficient to require daily, ongoing, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment choices are insufficient.
Fentora Duragesic
Actiq
Fentanyl
Lollipop or Skin patch
10
The strength of fentanyl is the result of an estimate since it was not developed when study was conducted. It is a powerful substance for treating fragmentation and gunshot wounds. The overdosage is associated with serious side effects and consequences. It is highly recommended to handle fentanyl carefully as mishandling can lead to death due to respiratory depression.
Palladone
(caps)
Dilaudid(tabs)
Hydromorphone
hydrochloride
1 mg
2 mg
3 mg
4 mg
11
Dilaudid is considered as more effective as compared to morphine with some serious side effects

Notify your health care expert about any previous history of substance abuse. All patients treated with opioids for pain require careful tracking by their healthcare specialists for signs of abuse and dependency, and to identify when these analgesics are not needed.




References

Updated: December 1, 2016 — 4:59 pm

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

Healthy lifestyle advisor. Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.
  • David Rodgers

    Obviously, one can’t always get every option onto a table like this but I believe that Oxymorphone is conspicuously missing.

    • Angie Baumgartner

      Yes it is i wonder where it fits in because that’s what i take !

    • Thanks for reminder. Opana (Oxymorphone) was added to the list.

  • Paul M Hucik

    I would say that Fentanyl is the strongest, with Opana as number 2, and Oxycodone as number 3.

    • Kitten

      People mistakenly believe fentanyl to be the strongest but it is actually dilaudid.

      • Derrick

        I would have to respectively disagree, as I have personal experience with everything on this list and can say with confidence that Paul is correct!

        • Laura Horton

          I had intravenous Morphine, which wasn’t touching the pain, so the went to Dilaudid. Before the nurse was finished injecting I was floating away. Have never in my life had a pain med that hit that hard that fast.
          Of course it also made the room spin wildly for days and I had to be put back on fluids because the nausea was so severe.
          I had Fentanyl patches for back injury but I didn’t get enough pain relief so I took Tramadol too.

          • Derrick

            The patches that you had to take it home tramadol are very strong if you do them in violation of their label. They can be eaten and that’s all I’m saying because I don’t want to be blamed for any deaths!

  • Tagir Taring

    what about Dolo 650

    • It is Acetaminophen, which already mentioned in the list.

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    Tex/Call us at 609 736 4428 OR Visit our site….http://globalmedsupplier.yolasite.com

  • Roy Smith

    What about acetaminophen with Codeine aka T-3

  • Goliath

    how many of them are available in india?

  • Logan

    Where are the Sufenta, Etorphine, and then the king Carfentanil. im sure the basic compounds are listed but these drugs are at the top, they are deadly, not so much Sufenta but the other 2 are adn probably cannot be consumed by humans without dying.

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