Postoperative pain, swelling, and bruising are a normal part of the recovery procedure following knee replacement surgery. However, there are methods to handle the pain and reduce your recovery.
Keep reading to get tips on handling these typical side effects of surgery.
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What Happen Right After Knee Replacement?
According to Massachusetts General, surgeons may put novocaine in the knee to help with pain for the first couple of hours. You might get pain medication either orally or through an intravenous (IV) tube after this wears off. These medications might include a strong opioid such as morphine, fentanyl, and oxycodone. There is little chance that you will end up being addicted to these drugs, due to the fact that they are used just for a brief time period.
Medications to Manage Pain
Most people will take oral pain medication for approximately numerous weeks. These consist of prescription-strength nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Your doctor may prescribe stronger pain relievers such as tramadol and oxycodone if severe pain continues.
You may require over-the-counter medication to help minimize temporary pain and inflammation later on. These medications might include acetaminophen and NSAIDs. Your physical therapist might provide massages and prescribe exercises to assist decrease inflammation. The pain will likely decrease over a period of a number of weeks.
Dealing with Bruising after Knee Replacement
Bruising around your knee might last one to two weeks following surgery. Bruising is normally a purplish staining that suggests blood in the area. It can likewise cause additional inflammation. You can reduce swelling and bruising by raising your leg on a pillow in bed for an hour or more every afternoon or evening.
Swelling and Knee Replacement
Swelling is likewise a regular part of the healing procedure. It’s most likely that you’ll experience some swelling for 2 to 3 weeks following knee replacement surgery. You can reduce swelling by doing your post-operative exercises and by elevating your leg on a pillow in bed for one to two hours each afternoon.
According to the Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, swelling can last for 3 to six months after surgery, so it’s a great idea to invest in an ice bag. Ice packs are extremely effective for reducing swelling and inflammation in your knee joint and surrounding tissue. It’s generally suggested that you use an ice bag three to four times a day for about 20 minutes. Get a recommendation from your physical therapist or doctor if you see no enhancement, or if you think added icing might help. You may also benefit from applying heat to your knee after numerous weeks.
You’ll more than likely wear compression stockings while you are in the hospital and after that while sleeping for up to 6 weeks later. These will reduce the risk of developing an embolism and may help reduce achiness in the leg.
Topical creams and patches applied to the knee can likewise help reduce pain and make it easier for you to sleep at night. These normally consist of active components like capsaicin (likewise discovered in chili peppers), menthol, or salicylates. These ingredients are well known to reduce pain when they’re used on the skin.
Physical Therapy after Knee Surgery
Your physical therapist might utilize a TENS device to promote blood circulation and reduce pain to your knee and the surrounding area. TENS represent “transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.” These devices provide electrical currents to the skin and might decrease nerve pain. According a current research published in the journal Pain, TENS is not effective for everyone.
Your physiotherapist might likewise provide massages or reveal you how you can stimulate the muscles and tissue surrounding your knee.
Follow Your Exercises
Make certain you do all the exercises your physical therapist recommends. These exercises assist reinforce muscles, enhance your variety of movement, and increase blood circulation around your knee. This promotes recovery and assists drain fluid far from sore tissue.
While exercising can assist post-operative pain, it is necessary to avoid specific positions that can cause damage. According to Cleveland Clinic, you must not squat, jump, twist, or kneel after surgery.
Usage Your Support Team
Discuss your level of pain and inflammation with your medical group and report any abrupt changes. The appropriate usage of medication and therapy will assist you reduce pain and speed your recovery.