Main Causes of Dizziness and Treatment Methods

feeling dizzy

What Is Dizziness and How Does It Affect to Human?

Dizziness is the sensation of being lightheaded, woozy, or out of balance. It affects the sensory organs, particularly the eyes and ears, so it can often cause fainting. Dizziness isn’t a disease, but rather a symptom of numerous disorders.

Vertigo and disequilibrium may cause a feeling of dizziness, but those two terms explain various symptoms. Vertigo is characterized by a spinning sensation, like the room is moving. It might likewise feel like motion illness or as if you’re leaning to one side. Disequilibrium is a loss of balance or stability. True dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or nearly fainting.

Dizziness prevails and its underlying cause generally isn’t severe. Periodic dizziness is not something to worry about. Nevertheless, you must call your doctor right away if you’re experiencing repeated episodes of dizziness for no obvious factor or for an extended duration.

Causes of Dizziness

Typical causes of dizziness consist of a migraine, medications, and alcohol. It can likewise be triggered by an issue in the inner ear, where balance is managed.

Dizziness is typically an outcome of vertigo as well. The most common reason for vertigo and vertigo-related dizziness is benign positional vertigo (BPV). This causes short-term dizziness when somebody modifications positions rapidly, such as sitting up in bed after resting.

Dizziness and vertigo can also be set off by Meniere’s disease. This causes fluid to develop in the ear with associated ear fullness, hearing loss, and ringing in the ears. Another possible cause for dizziness and vertigo is an acoustic neuroma. This is a noncancerous tumor that forms on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.

Some other possible causes of dizziness consist of:

  • ear infection.
  • anemia (low iron).
  • sudden drop in high blood pressure
  • decline in blood volume
  • dehydration.
  • movement illness.
  • anxiety disorders
  • extreme workout.
  • heart muscle disease
  • heat stroke.
  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level).

In unusual cases, dizziness could be brought on by multiple sclerosis, a stroke, a malignant tumor, or another brain condition.

Symptoms of Dizziness

People experiencing dizziness may feel various feelings, consisting of:

  • an incorrect sense of spinning.
  • vertigo.
  • sensation of floating or swimming.
  • unsteadiness.
  • lightheadedness or feeling faint.

Sometimes, dizziness is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or fainting. Seek emergency medical assistance if you have these symptoms for extended periods.

When to Call a Doctor About Dizziness

You should call your doctor if you continue to have duplicated bouts of dizziness. You ought to also inform your doctor instantly if you experience abrupt dizziness along with:

These symptoms could indicate a major illness, so it’s essential to seek medical attention as quickly as possible.

What to Anticipate During Your Visit

Your doctor can narrow down the cause of dizziness and other symptoms by carrying out a health examination. They’ll ask you concerns about your dizziness, including:.

  1. when it occurs.
  2. in what situations.
  3. the severity of symptoms.
  4. other symptoms that occur with the dizziness.

Your doctor might likewise inspect your eyes and ears, do a neurological physical exam, observe your posture, and perform tests to check balance. Depending on the believed cause, an imaging test such as a CT scan or MRI might be suggested.

In some cases, no cause for dizziness is figured out.

Treatments for Dizziness

Treatment for dizziness concentrates on the underlying cause. For the most parts, natural home remedy and medical treatments can control the reason for dizziness. For example:

  • Inner-ear issues may be handled with medications and at-home exercises that can help control balance.
  • BPV can be fixed with maneuvers that can help alleviate symptoms. Surgery is a choice for patients whose BPV is not otherwise controlled.
  • Meniere’s disease is treated with a healthful low-salt diet, periodic injections, or ear surgery.
  • Migraines are treated with medications and lifestyle changes, such as discovering how to determine and prevent migraine triggers.
  • Medication and anxiety-reducing techniques can aid with anxiety conditions.
  • Consuming a lot of fluids can help when dizziness is brought on by extreme exercise, heat, or dehydration.

Outlook for Dizziness

Many cases of dizziness clear up on their own when the underlying cause is treated. In rare cases, dizziness can be a sign of a more major health issue.

Dizziness may result in complications when it causes fainting or a vertigo. This can be particularly dangerous when an individual is driving or operating heavy machinery. Use caution if you feel an episode of dizziness beginning. If you end up being lightheaded, stop owning immediately or find a safe location to constant yourself until it passes.

Dizziness Prevention

Follow these ideas if you have recurrent bouts of dizziness:

  • Avoid moving or changing positions suddenly.
  • Sit or rest immediately when you feel dizzy and rest until the dizziness goes away. This can avoid the possibility of losing your balance, which may result in falling and serious injury.
  • Always use hand rails when walking up or down the stairs.
  • Take an over the counter medication, such as meclizine (Antivert) or an antihistamine, if you experience nausea in addition to dizziness. These medications may cause drowsiness, so do not use them when you have to be active or productive.
  • Eat a healthful diet that includes veggies, fruits, and lean proteins to assist avoid dizziness.
  • Use a cane or walker for stability, if needed.
  • Prevent owning a car or operating heavy machinery if you regularly experience dizziness without caution.
  • Avoid caffeine, quit alcohol and tobacco. Using these substances might activate dizziness or make it worse.
  • Rest in a cool location and drink water if your dizziness is being triggered by overheating or dehydration.
  • Drink a minimum of 8 glass of water a day, get seven hours or more of sleep, and prevent stressful circumstances.
  • If you suspect your dizziness is being triggered by a medication, talk to your doctor about decreasing the dose or switching to another medication.

Constantly talk to your doctor if you’re worried about the frequency or intensity of your dizziness.


Last Update - November 17, 2017

References

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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