The throat is a muscular tube that is roughly 5 inches long and extends from the nose and ends in the neck. The voice box, likewise described as the pharynx, lies directly listed below the throat and enables the vibrations that make sound.
The throat and neck likewise include numerous lymph glands that are an important part of the body’s immune system. When any of these structures become infected or disturbed, it can lead to a painful neck and sore throat.
Common Causes of Stiff Neck and Sore Throat
- Viral pharyngitis is a sore throat brought on by a virus, and causes throat pain and cold-like symptoms.
- Tonsillitis hurts swelling in the tonsils, triggering sore throat, red tonsils, pain, fever, and more.
- Strep throat is a throat infection causing symptoms including a red sore throat with white patches.
- Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage in your joints breaks down causing pain, stiffness in neck, and swelling.
- Mononucleosis is a viral infection triggering severe fatigue, sore throat, fever, rash, muscle aches, and more.
- Thyroid cancer is cancer of the thyroid gland and can cause a cough, hoarseness, a lump in the neck, and more.
- Indoor allergens are the important things that cause an allergic reaction: dust, allergen, mold, family pet hair and more.
- Muscle strain takes place when muscles are stressed, overworked, or hurt due to exercise or labor.
- Laryngitis is an inflammation of the throat, or voice box, triggering hoarseness and loss of voice.
- Torticollis are spasms of the neck muscles triggering neck pain and stiffness, tilted head, and more.
- The cold is a viral breathing infection causing sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, headache and more.
- Acute sinusitis, a swelling of the sinuses, causes sinus pain and tenderness, facial inflammation, stiff neck and sore throat.
- Epiglottitis is a rare, dangerous health problem that keeps air from getting to the lungs.
Strep throat is a throat infection caused by the bacteria streptococcus. As the bacterial infection advances, those with strep throat experience sore throat, swollen and sore lymph glands in the neck, fever, swollen tonsils, white spots on the back of the throat and fever. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, children may likewise experience abdominal pain, vomiting and rash. Strep throat can be effectively treated with a series of oral antibiotics. It is necessary to take all of the prescribed medication to ensure the infection has actually totally gone away. Those with strep throat are considered contagious up until an antibiotic has actually been considered a minimum of 24 hours.
The tonsils are large lymph nodes in the back of the neck that help prevent bacteria and other potentially hazardous organisms from going into the body. Sometimes, the tonsils can end up being so overloaded with organisms that they become inflamed. This condition is referred to as tonsillitis. Symptoms of tonsillitis include severe sore throat, stiffness of the neck and jaw, trouble swallowing, ear pain, fever, chills, headache and voice modifications. MedlinePlus notes that the sore throat connected with tonsillitis generally lasts a minimum of 48 hours and is extremely severe. Treatment for tonsillitis depends upon the cause of the swelling. If bacteria are causing the swelling, antibiotics are administered. Viral infections can not be treated with medications and usually disappear by themselves with rest and increased fluid consumption.
Throat cancer is the term for the development of malignant tumors in the pharynx, throat or tonsils. Throat cancer develops when hereditary anomalies cause cells to divide unusually and uncontrollably. Those who smoke or consume alcohol excessively are at an increased risk of developing throat cancer, inning accordance with MayoClinic.com. Symptoms of throat cancer include sore throat, a painful neck, chronic cough, voice changes, problem swallowing, ear pain and weight reduction. Treatment for throat cancer depends upon several factors, consisting of location of the cancer, stage of the cancer, general health and individual preferences. Treatment choices consist of radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy and targeted drug therapy.